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Tūlūl al Baqarat: A preliminary assessment of the pottery assemblage

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Tūlūl al Baqarat: A preliminary assessment of the pottery assemblage
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  2016 LE LETTERE  FIRENZE UNIVERSITÀ DI TORINO LI  Rivista fondata da Giorgio Gullini.  Direttore :  C ARLO  L IPPOLIS Comitato scientifico : G IORGIO  B UCCELLATI  S TEFANO   DE  M ARTINO  A NTONIO  I NVERNIZZI  C HRISTINE  K EPINSKI  S TEFANIA  M AZZONI  A NDREAS  S CHACHNER   S T  J OHN  S IMPSON  R  OBERTA  V ENCO  R  ICCIARDI  Redazione scientifica: C ARLO  L IPPOLIS  R  OBERTA  M ENEGAZZI Proprietà letteraria riservata Iscritta al Tribunale di Torino n. 1886 del 20/6/67. Si prega di indirizzare la corrispondenza diretta alla Redazione e i manoscritti a: Carlo Lippolis, Redazione di Mesopotamia, Dipartimento di Studi Storici - Università degli Studi di Torino, Via Sant’Ottavio 20, 10124 Torino. ISSN: 0076-6615 «Mesopotamia» is an International Peer Reviewed Journal.  SOMMARIO MESOPOTAMIA V IOLETTA  C ORDANI , Two Interesting Mentions of Iron Objects in Hittite Texts  .................................... p. 1A  NGELO  D I  M ICHELE , Temples, Sanctuaries and Cults: Continuity and Change in UrartianSacred Spaces  .................................................................................................................................... » 11E LEONORA  P APPALARDO , Cretan Bronze Work. Nothing to do with Urartu?  ......................................... » 41Z OLTÁN  N IEDERREITER  ,  A Neo-Assyrian Storage Jar Fragment with Measures of Capacity  from Kilizu (Qaṣr Šemāmok), the Capital of an Assyrian Province  ................................................ » 55L UCA  B OMBARDIERI ,  From Assyria to Cyprus. Assessing the Provenance of a Stone Mixing-Bowl in the Cesnola Collection (the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)  ....................................... » 59 Preliminary Report of the Italian Archaeological Expedition at Tūlūl al-Baqarat(Missione Archeologica Italiana a Tūlūl al-Baqarat - MAITaB). Seasons 2013-2016 (ed. by C. Lippolis) C ARLO  L IPPOLIS ,  Preliminary Report of the Italian Expedition (MAITaB) at Tūlūl al-Baqarat (Wasit province). Seasons 2013-2016   ............................................................................................... » 67A  NGELO  D I  M ICHELE , Tūlūl al-Baqarat: A Preliminary Assessment of the Pottery Assemblage  ......... » 101M AURIZIO  V IANO ,  Royal Inscriptions from Tūlūl al-Baqarat   ................................................................ » 127E LENA  D EVECCHI ,  Epigraphic Finds from Tūlūl al-Baqarat dating in the Neo-Babylonian Period   .... » 135C ARLO  L IPPOLIS  - M AURIZIO  V IANO , “It is indeed a city, it is indeed a city! Who knows its interior?”. The Historical and Geographical Setting of Tūlūl al-Baqarat. Some Preliminary Remarks  ......... » 143  Notiziario Bibliograco M. L UCIANI  - A. H AUSLEITER   (eds.) in cooperation with C. B EUGER  ,    Recent Trends in the Study of Late Bronze Age Ceramics in Syro-Mesopotamia and Neighbouring Regions  (Angelo Di Michele) .... » 147 J. H AUBOLD  - G.B. L ANFRANCHI  - R. R  OLLINGER   - J.M. S TEELE   (eds.), The World of Berossos (Giulia Lentini) .................................................................................................................................. » 150H.A.G. B RIJDER  ,  Nemrud Daği. Recent Archaeological Research and Conservation Activities in the Tomb Sanctuary on Mount Nemrud (Vito Messina) ......................................................................... » 155P. C ALLIERI ,  Architecture et représentations dans l’Iran sassanide  (Vito Messina) ............................ » 156 U.   E LLERBROCK   - S.   W INKELMANN ,  Die Parther: die vergessene Großmacht   (Leonardo Gregoratti) .... » 158 LI   2016  PreLIMInArY rePorT oF THe ITALIAn ArCHAeoLoGICALexPeDITIon AT TūLūL AL-BAQArAT (MIssIone ArCHeoLoGICA ITALIAnA A TūLūL AL-BAQArAT - MAIT aB) Seasons 2013-2016 (ed. by C. Lippolis) Thi plimiay pt  th 2013-2016 a at Tll al-Baqaat f th Italia achalgical pditi (MAITaB) sponsored by the Centro Ricerche Archeologiche e Scavi di Torino presents an overview of the site, focusing on some of the mounds investigated by the Italian expedition so far. A contribution on the ceramic material ( D I  M ICHELE ) and a preliminary analysis of the textual evidence found duig th ct ldwk ( V IANO , D EVECCHI ) follow in this volume. Fially, a idticati f  f th mud f Tll al-Baqaat (i.., th mai mud, amd TB1) with th sacred precinct of ancient Keš is proposed ( L IPPOLIS -V IANO ).  1. I  NTRODUCTION The main purpose of this, preliminary, work on the  ptty amblag f Tll al-Baqaat, i t pvid a vviw f th chlgical pha idtid i the archaeological evidence collected during survey campaigns conducted in 2013 and 2015. Data col-lection was carried out with the dual aim of dating th ccupati pha f Tll al-Baqaat, ad at -tempting to identify the most relevant phases of oc-cupation upon each of the mounds. To achieve this, the archaeological data collected during the surveys were integrated with those obtained from soundings conducted in 2013, 2015 and 2016 on mounds TB1, TB4a and TB7. The data were entered into an on-line database and integrated with other archaeological vidc cllctd fm th it, allwig th al evaluation of the archaeological potential of the area f Tll al-Baqaat. Accdigly, it wa cay t construct a methodological framework with which to mitigate data, recovered from surface collection and tatid ctt, f vaiabl quality that ultd from the different methodologies applied simultane- uly i th ld. The pottery assemblage selected for this analysis comes from six surveyed mounds, and several small udig caid ut at Tll al-Baqaat. F th  purposes of this analysis, the Parthian-Hellenistic  phase was used as an arbitrary chronological cut-off date for inclusion within it. Pottery from the later Sassanid and Islamic periods has not therefore  been included within the sample that I used for this study. Only vessels with a drawing, and a recorded d-pt w aalyd. Thi ubampl cmpid mostly fragments though some vessels were whole  had a cmplt pl. Th citia hav p -duced a uniform sample that is representative of all th ult f th a f ldwk. nvth -less, they constitute a small sample when compared t th amut f ptty cllctd at Tll al-Baqaat during the surveys, and soundings conducted between 2013 and 2016. T plac th ccupati pha f Tll al-Baqaat in a wider chronological, and geographical context, its pottery assemblage was compared with those from contemporary sites of central and southern Meso-  ptamia. A th ldwk i till gig, ad th sample analysed is representative of a much larger ceramic assemblage, scholars are anticipating that a considerable amount will be learnt from a thorough citic cmpitial aalyi f th fabic, ad temper inclusions. Therefore, the analysis presented here should be considered a preliminary work which aim t dat th ma pid f ccupati at Tll al-Baqarat. 2. A RCHAEOLOGICAL  D ATA 2.1. The Uruk Phase Uruk pottery was found on mounds TB1, TB7 and TB8. This cultural horizon is well documented on these mounds but is particularly abundant on TB7 and TB8. The material collected from TB8 were exclu-sively Uruk, suggesting that the occupation of mound TB8 was limited to this period. Several pottery forms cmm t th Uuk pid w idtid. Bvlld rim bowls were found on mounds TB1, TB7 and TB8, and sporadic fragments of this bowl were also recov- d fm th ld aud TB7. A ma-pducd common ware, bevelled rim bowls are an Uruk period ‘trademark’. Indeed, so numerous were the sherds of these truncated conical open bowls, that we were able to recognize, and record some morphological vaiat (Fig. 1.1-3). I will t dwll  thi fm; it is well-known and widely documented at several sites of the Ancient Near East, and has been the sub- ject of numerous studies. 1   Other well-documented open forms are  cical bwl (Fig. 1.5) mad by th am manufacturing process as the bevelled rim bowls; or th lag bwl with a pld dg (Fig. 1.4). Bth types have comparisons in the pottery assemblage of the Uruk site. Lag vl with a i-cuvd ldg im (Fig. 1.6-9) are also present in large volumes. Occasionally, there was impressed dcati fm g-ail (Fig. 1.6),  applid p mtif lcatd ud th im (Fig. 1.9). Uruk pottery open form is limited to these few types. However, the closed form repertoire, is more varied: A  NGELO  D I  M ICHELE * TūLūL AL BAQArAT: A PreLIMInArY AssessMenToF THe PoTTerY AsseMBLAGe * Università di Bologna. 1  See H ELWING  2014 f a full diti f th mai maufac -turing, technological and morphological features  of this pottery shape, and its distribution throughout Near Eastern sites.
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