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IMPACT OF FACEBOOK ON STUDENTS´ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE Analysis through the social capital Muhammad Kashif International Master’s Degree Program in Cultural Diversity November 2013 Faculty of Social Sciences University of Eastern Finland ABSTRACT With the increasing popularity of Facebook, students are joining and using it
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    IMPACT OF FACEBOOK ON STUDENTS´ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE Analysis through the social capital  Muhammad Kashif International Master’s Degree Program in Cultural Diversity November 2013 Faculty of Social Sciences University of Eastern Finland   I ABSTRACT With the increasing popularity of Facebook, students are joining and using it in their social and academic lives. Huge popularity of Facebook among the students has brought the researchers attention to investigate the phenomenon. Most research regarding online social networks, particularly Facebook use has explored at these networks in terms of profile management, identity creation and friending behavior. This study investigates the impact of Facebook on stude nts’ academic performance through social capital concept. This research has been conducted on the Master’s degree  students from the University of Eastern Finland and quantitative methods techniques have been applied for data analysis. The research has found that use of Facebook has slight impacts on student’s academic performance. Further results found that Facebook is bridging, bonding and maintaining the existing relationships but it is not very effective for making new relations. Facebook is increasing the students’ social capital effectively , due to its huge popularity and most used communication channel among university students. The daily use of Facebook is increasing communication among the users, consequently Facebook users participate more in extracurricular activities than non-Facebook users. Among the University students Facebook has a perception as a cheap, fast and entertaining medium of communication and students do not consider Facebook as a dominated phenomenon over their studies.   II ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS First and foremost, I want to recognize my loving wife, Anita, thank you for your unconditional love and support. I truly appreciate your encouragement, motivation, and selflessness. Indeed you are the sole inspiration that I am able to pass this obstacle. Once again I would like to thank you on believing me and everything you have done for me. I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude to my friend Mohsin, who srcinated this idea and supported me throughout the thesis writing process by sharing his concrete ideas and knowledge. I would also like to thank the Sociology Department for taking a chance on me and including me as a student in their Master degree program. Over the past three years, my professor and supervisor have encouraged me to push myself beyond my own perceived limits, and I feel I have grown exponentially as a student and an academic person as a result.  At the end I would also like to thank to all the students who participated in this research work. Without their help and support this project has not been accomplished.     III DEDICATION I would like to dedicate my thesis to my late) mother No emotions and words can express my love for you
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