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Deception: From Shakespeare To the Real World By: Azmi Rahim “Though that nature with a beauteous wall Doth oft close in pollution” (1.2,51-52). This line said by Viola in Shakespeare’s ‘Twelfth Night’ teaches us about deception in its own form. Things can look great on the outside, although behind the covers is the disappointing truth instead. In the play, almost every character plays some role in the theme of deception. Maj
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  Deception: From Shakespeare To the Real World   By: Azmi Rahim “T hough that nature with a beauteous wall Doth oft close in pollution ” ( 1.2,51-52). This line said by Viola in Shakespeare’s ‘ Twelfth Night ’  teaches us about deception in its own form. Things can look great on the outside, although behind the covers is the disappointing truth instead. In the play, almost every character plays some role in the theme of deception. Major characters in deception include Maria, Sir Toby, Sir Andrew, Fabian and Feste the Fool. There are three ways deception play a role in the world, overall it can be beneficial, good for all, or deceitful. In the real world, deception is used daily in the most discrete ways. It can be connected to us in multiple ways such as business, people and politics, and human research, making it one of the most important themes in the play. Beneficial deception uses tricks, or twists the truth  for self-beneficial reasons and to affect the  perception and actions of others. In the real world, it’s  used routinely, like in business. Businesses use deception to lure consumers into buying their products. They will do this by playing around with the wording and numbers they use, for example, using the price $ 4 9.99 instead of $ 50 .00. To the eye, $ 4 9.99 ‘ look  s’ cheaper than the latter. Using wording such as ‘ Up To   60% Off’, catches consumers attention, making it seem like they’ll make big savings . I n reality ‘ Up To   60%’ means saving less than 60%. Commercials also play a  big role, making claims, using false advertising and photoshop on their commercials to attract and lure consumers into buying their products. Statistics from the Journal of Global Fashion and Marketing showed only 18% of claims made on the abilities of cosmetics products in commercials are true.  Deceitful deception is used to cause unnecessary drama or chaos, to trick others into making them look bad or foolish, lying   to change other people’s perception of a person or situation. Deceitful deception is used widely throughout the play. When Maria writes the letter, acting as Olivia, to Malvolio, not only does she lie about who the letter is from, but also about Olivia’s feelings towards Malvolio, all for entertainment and proving he was a madman. We also see another scenario of deception when Olivia says, “ Run after that same peevish messenger  … Tell him I’ll none of it.”  (1.5, 307-309), lying about her ring so she could see Cesario(Viola) again.   We see deceitful deception within the  people around us and in politics. People will lies, and trap people in foolish acts to prove a point and change other  ’s  opinions on that certain person. In politics, this is seen quite often, politicians benefit from this in multiple ways, it could help them gain more support, gain undeserved credibility, and make themselves look better.   Good deception is the use of tricking  people for good use which could benefit others, like in research. People being studied are psychologically tricked in different ways, giving researchers accurate and honest responses, it can teach us how our minds work psychologically and how it reacts to different things. In the play, though decietful deception is used in this case, the prank on Malvolio was done to get an honest reaction out of him to prove a point that he was  psychologically mad. With this kind of deception, we can understand different concepts better, which can be used for medical purposes, or to perceive different situations better like an investigation. A simple example of this is The Piliavin and Piliavin Experiment, where they had someone imitate either a drunk model or a model using a cane and collapsing to see how many  people in the public would offer to help. The results? More people tended to the model collapsing with a cane rather than a drunk model. Overall, this analysis discussed the importance of deception as a theme in the play, and why it’s so relevant to the world. Deception plays a role in our everyday lives, even when we can’t see it. It can be found in business, the people around us , in politics, and in research. Deception is more often seen as a negative role in the world. When used, we automatically think that the user of it is not credible, or untrustworthy. Deception is used daily for different purposes, good and bad which is why it’s important we understand its significance, how it ’s used  in our daily lives, and when the use of it is appropriate. These differentiate the good and bad uses of deception. Everyone has used deception, but how often is deception used for the greater good? That’s what tells us what/who is and isn’t deceptive.    Works Cited   Shuttleworth, Martyn. Deception and Research. EXPLORABLE  . N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2017. <https://explorable.com/deception-and-research>. https://www.shape.com/lifestyle/beauty-style/82-percent-cosmetic-advertising-claims-are-bogus Zoldan, Rachel Jaco. 82 Percent of Cosmetic Advertising Claims Are Bogus. Shape Magazine . Shape Magazine, 27 July 2015. Web. 27 Nov. 2017. <https://www.shape.com/lifestyle/beauty-style/82-percent-cosmetic-advertising-claims-are-bogus>. Cusick, James. Lie or Lose? Deception Has Become a Political Survival Technique. The Independent  . Independent Digital News and Media, 17 Dec. 2015. Web. 27 Nov. 2017. <http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/lie-or-lose-deception-has-become-a-political-survival-technique-a6777481.html>. Ложь и Почему мы лжем.    АРГУМЕНТ  . N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2017. <http://argumentua.com/stati/lozh-i-pochemu-my-lzhem>. (Image citation) Posts about Truth on Being a Beautiful Mess. Being a Beautiful Mess . N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2017. <https://beingabeautifulmess.wordpress.com/tag/truth/>. (Image Citation) Alatorre, Paloma. Longwood Blogs . N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2017. <https://blogs.longwood.edu/comm360lies/2016/09/13/lying-and-deception-in-politics/>.(Image Citation) Research. Psychology  . N.p., 09 Aug. 2017. Web. 27 Nov. 2017. <https://www.edgehill.ac.uk/psychology/research-2/>. (Image Citation) Poston, Rebecca Niles Michael. Quick Jump. Folger Digital Texts . N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Nov. 2017. <http://www.folgerdigitaltexts.org/?chapter=5&play=TN&loc=p7>.  
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