Culture development links in the caribbean

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The presentation is about the current trends on the production and commercialization of cultural products and services in the Caribbean, and how it might contribute to te economic development and regional integration. Main obstacles for cultural industries in the Caribbean are identified.
  • 1. La Relación Cultura-Desarrollo en el Caribe: Oportunidades para una proyección externa de nuevo tipo Dr. Jacqueline Laguardia Martinez Institute of International Relations, UWI Culture-Development links in the Caribbean: Opportunities for a new kind of external projection
  • 2. Points of discussion Culture-Development links in the Caribbean 1.Regional Integration and Economic Dimension 2.What has been achieved?: CARICOM and ACS 3.Ideas to move forward
  • 3. Economic Dimension • The production-… of cultural products and services is one of the fastest growing sectors of the world economy. • Mechanism for diversifying economies • Spaces for innovation and global competitiveness • Jobs for local artists and the youth • Unique cultural content of the Caribbean Regional Integration Confessions of a Wayward Economist, by N. Girvan Can cultural production succeed in driving integration, where economics and politics have failed? The sense of the Caribbean as a ‘community of culture’ (…) stands in curious contrast with the difficulties that have been encountered in configuring the Caribbean as an economic and political community. Quoting George Beckford: “Caribbean people are already integrated. The only people who don’t know it are the governments.”
  • 4. Strategic Plan for the Caribbean Community 2015 – 2019: Repositioning CARICOM • Core Values: “We celebrate the strength of both the shared and diverse aspects of our culture, heritage, and communities.” • The Ideal Caribbean Person: “values and displays the creative imagination in its various manifestations and nurtures its development in the economic and entrepreneurial spheres in all other areas of life” • Opportunity: Increasing demand for new and varied forms of tourism experience such as adventure, medical, nature and cultural and creative tourism • Building Economic Resilience - Stabilization and Sustainable Economic Growth and Development: Unleash Key Economic Growth Drivers on Creative, Manufacturing and Services Industries - with an emphasis on Tourism Services • Goal: To engender innovative, knowledge driven development within the Community, and unleash the creative talent of the people of the Community. • Regional Education and Human Resource Development: “addressing the linkages between culture, sport and education” • Create a “new Community culture”
  • 5. Culture - Development in Caribbean Regional Integration schemes CARICOM • Caribbean Festival of Arts (CARIFESTA) (1972) and Strategic Plan (2004) • CARICOM Regional Cultural Policy (1994) • CARICOM Regional Cultural Committee (1987) • Report on The Cultural Industries in CARICOM for the Caribbean Regional Negotiating Machinery (2006) • CARICOM Regional Task Force on Cultural Industries (2008) [the region cultural products are competitive and important to the regional economy and central to our people’s identity and advancement]. A Report on Strategic Policy Directions was delivered in 2011. • CARICOM Caribbean Creative Industries Management Unit (CCIMU) (2016) ACS • Sustainable Tourism and Trade (Focal Areas) • Action Plan Pétion-Ville (2013) on Cultural Cooperation • Caribbean Carnival Network (2015)
  • 6. Obstacles 1. Complex debate (multiple dimensions, different and conflicted visions, strong ideological content, the “new” perspectives are not totally accepted) 2. Perceived as a non-urgent, expensive and volatile issue (politicians, economists) 3. Insufficient experience, expertise, information (poor data and statistics) and research 4. Scarcity of resources and funding for research, informed policy making and negotiations 5. Artists are poorly organized and highly fragmented (informal sector and SMEs) 6. Poor interest from private sector and financial institutions 7. High duties/taxes on imports related to cultural goods and services 8. Insufficient mentorship and apprenticeship programs and formal training 9. Inadequate protection of copyright or intellectual property 10. Insufficient domestic institutionalization and legislation 11. Insufficient investment (public and private) 12. Insufficient adequate performing facilities
  • 7. Ideas to move forward: to capitalize on Caribbean Cultural Power 1. To adopt a coherent regional approach/narrative/strategy: cross sectoral, multidimensional and accountable (SIDS, vulnerability and resilience/ resistence, sustainable knowledge, from “made in…” to “created in…”, a “Caribbean” brand, …) 2. To evaluate the initiatives and institutions in place (resources optimization) and stablish a regional body 3. To systematize and produce relevant data, information, knowledge, policy documents (cultural mappings, cultural cartographies, index) and make them available for public consultation 4. To encourage research (comparative research with Pacific SIDS and Small States) 5. To revalorize the economic dimension of the culture-development relation and its potential contribution on a sustainable and inclusive development model and regional integration (National Accounts, trade regimes/missions and FTA, foreign investment, fiscal policy, SMES, Intellectual Property regimes, training, TIC, innovation policies, business models, laws, marketing, professional and diaspora associations, grants,…) 6. To determine where to focus on: music, festivals, craft, visual arts TOURISM AND CARNIVALS 7. To update the Regional Cultural Policy and encouraging the adoption of national policies and strategies 8. To develop actions for the recognition, protection, support and incentives for artists and creative projects (CARICOM-DR-EU EPA and the national registries of artists…) 9. To act vigorously to protect cultural patrimony, heritage and traditional arts 10. To enhance on initiatives for functional cooperation and funding
  • 8. How to articulate with the Local Development Dimension? • National Initiatives: Saint Lucia (2016), T&T (2006), Dominica (2007), Bahamas (2006), Jamaica (2003), Barbados (2002) • Creative Industry Exchange Project of the Shridath Ramphal Centre for International Trade Law and is funded by the UNESCO, Kingston office… continuity? (2015…) Non-systemic actions, initiatives stagnate and disrupt when governments change Cuba’s pan Caribbean initiatives  Travelling Caribbean Film Showcase  Caribbean Regional School of Arts at the Edna Manley College for the Visual and Performing Arts in Kingston (CARICOM-Cuba Cooperation programe)
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