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Brief of The State of Texas, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Oklahoma, And South Carolina As Amici Curiae in Support of Defendants
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    In the United States District Court for the District of Columbia  Leandra English,  Plaintiff   , v. Donald J. Trump and  John M. Mulvaney,  Defendants. § § § § § § § § § § § § § §§ Case No. 1:17-cv-02534 BRIEF OF THE STATE OF TEXAS, WEST VIRGINIA, ALABAMA, ARKANSAS, GEORGIA, LOUISIANA, OKLAHOMA, AND SOUTH CAROLINA AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANTS Case 1:17-cv-02534-TJK Document 11-1 Filed 11/28/17 Page 1 of 21    Table of Contents Page Table of Contents ..................................................................................................... i   Index of Authorities ................................................................................................. ii   Interest of Amici Curiae ........................................................................................... 1   Introduction ............................................................................................................. 3   Argument ................................................................................................................. 4   I.   The Dodd-Frank Act Cannot Override the President’s Prerogative to Appoint Officers Under the Federal Vacancies Reform Act to Wield Article II Executive Power. ...................................... 4   A.   Article II Requires That the President Retain the Power to Nominate and Appoint Principal Officers. ....................................... 5   B.   The CFPB Director Wields Power Commensurate with a Principal Officer of the United States. ............................................. 8   C.   Plaintiff’s Proposed Statutory Interpretation Raises Grave Constitutional Concerns This Court Should Avoid. ...................... 12   II.   The Federal Vacancies Reform Act Forecloses the Relief Plaintiff Seeks. ....................................................................................................... 14   Conclusion .............................................................................................................. 15   Certificate of Service ............................................................................................... 16   Case 1:17-cv-02534-TJK Document 11-1 Filed 11/28/17 Page 2 of 21   ii Index of Authorities Page(s) Cases:  Allied-Bruce Terminix Co. v. Dobson , 513 U.S. 265 (1995) ........................................................................................... 10  Am. Express Co. v. Italian Colors Rest. , 133 S. Ct. 2304 (2013) ....................................................................................... 10 Crowell v. Benson , 285 U.S. 22 (1932) ......................................................................................... 4, 13  Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc. v. Byrd  , 470 U.S. 213 (1985) ........................................................................................... 10  Edmond v. United States  , 520 U.S. 651 (1997) ......................................................................................... 7, 8  Free Enter. Fund v. Pub. Co. Accounting Oversight Bd. , 561 U.S. 477 (2010) ............................................................................ 3, 6, 7, 8, 13 Janko v. Gates  , 741 F.3d 136 (D.C. Cir. 2014) ........................................................................ 4, 13  Marmet Health Care Ctr., Inc. v. Brown , 565 U.S. 530 (2012) (per curiam) ...................................................................... 10  Massachusetts v. EPA , 549 U.S. 497 (2007) ............................................................................................ 1  Morrison v. Olson , 487 U.S. 654 (1988) .......................................................................... 6, 7, 8, 11, 12  Myers v. United States  , 272 U.S. 52 (1926) .......................................................................................... 3, 6  PHH Corp. v. Consumer Fin. Prot. Bureau , 839 F.3d 1 (D.C. Cir. 2016), reh’g en banc granted, order vacated   (Feb. 16, 2017) .................................................................................. 1, 3, 9, 11, 12 Case 1:17-cv-02534-TJK Document 11-1 Filed 11/28/17 Page 3 of 21   iii  Printz v. United States  , 521 U.S. 898 (1997) ............................................................................................. 5  Rice v. Ames  , 180 U.S. 371 (1901) ............................................................................................. 7  Rust v. Sullivan , 500 U.S. 173 (1991) ........................................................................................ 4, 12  Ex parte Siebold  , 100 U.S. (10 otto) 371 (1879) ............................................................................... 7 Texas v. United States  , 809 F.3d 134 (5th Cir. 2015), aff’d by equally divided Court  , 136 S. Ct. 2271 (2016) (per curiam) ............................................................................... 1 United States v. Eaton , 169 U.S. 331 (1898) ............................................................................................. 7 United States v. Germaine  , 99 U.S. (9 Otto) 508 (1879) ................................................................................. 6 Constitutional Provisions and Statutes U.S. Const. art. II § 1, cl. 1 ............................................................................................................... 3 § 2, cl. 2 ....................................................................................................... 3, 5, 6 § 3 ....................................................................................................................... 3 5 U.S.C. § 3347(a)(1)(B) ........................................................................................ 14 12 U.S.C. § 5491 ............................................................................................................. 8, 14 § 5512 ............................................................................................................. 9, 11 § 5514 ............................................................................................................. 9, 11 § 5515(b) ........................................................................................................ 9, 11 § 5516 ............................................................................................................. 9, 11 § 5562............................................................................................................. 9, 11 § 5563(a) ........................................................................................................ 9, 11 § 5564............................................................................................................. 9, 11 Case 1:17-cv-02534-TJK Document 11-1 Filed 11/28/17 Page 4 of 21
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