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The causes of rural poverty in Uganda: a case study of Wakiso Sub County, Wakiso District

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The problem of rural poverty in Uganda has persisted despite the various efforts by the government to alleviate it and its continued existence has impacted negatively on the overall development efforts in the country. This study sought to investigate
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  1 THE CAUSES OF RURAL POVERTY INUGANDA: A CASE STUDY OF WAKISO SUBCOUNTY,WAKISO DISTRICT.BYKASULE TWAHA AHMED, BSc (Mak)2002/HD06/040UA DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THEGRADUATE SCHOOL FOR THE AWARD OFA MASTER OF ARTS IN ECONOMIC POLICYMANAGEMENT OF MAKEREREUNIVERSITY DECEMBER 2005  2 TABLE OF CONTENTSPage DeclarationiDedicationiiAcknowledgementsiiiTable of contentsivList of AbbreviationsviAbstractvii CHAPTERI1.0INTRODUCTION1 1.1Uganda’s Efforts at Poverty Reduction21.2Wakiso Sub County61.3The Research Problem81.4Research Objective91.5Scope of the Study91.6Significance of the study91.7Hypothesis101.8Organization of the dissertation10 CHAPTER II2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW11 2.1Understanding poverty112.2The rural poor122.3The asset status of Rural Livelihoods in Uganda13  32.4Causes of Poverty142.5Measuring Poverty18 CHAPTER III3.0 METHODS AND PROCEDURES18 3.1Research Design233.2Sampling233.3Data Collection Methods243.4Data Type243.5Analytical Model273.6Econometric Estimation30 CHAPTER IV4.0 FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONS32 4.1Household characteristics324.2Logistic Results364.3Evaluation of the Significance of independent variables39 CHAPTER V5.0 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS42 5.1Conclusions425.2Policy Recommendations435.3Areas of further research45References47Appendix I. Household Questionnaire49Appendix II. The Logit Estimates53  4 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS BOPBalance of PaymentsECSEntandikwaCredit SchemeFALFunctional Adult LiteracyHIVHuman Immune VirusHPIHuman Poverty IndexHISIntegrated Household SurveyIMFInternational Monetary FundMFPEDMinistry of Finance Planning and Economic Development NHSNational Household SurveyPAFPoverty Action FundPEAPPoverty Eradication Action PlanPMAPlan for Modernization of AgriculturePPAParticipatory Poverty AssessmentSAPsStructural Adjustment ProgramsUBOSUganda Bureau of StatisticsUNDPUnited Nations Development ProgramUPEUniversal Primary EducationUPPAPUganda Participatory Poverty Assessment Project  5 ABSTRACT The problem of rural poverty in Uganda has persisted despite the various efforts by the government to alleviate it and its continued existence has impactednegatively on the overall development efforts in the country. This study sought toinvestigate the causes of rural poverty in Uganda, with a specific focus on Wakisosub-County found in the central part of the country.The results from this study haveconfirmed the observed phenomenon of a highlevel of rural poverty in Uganda. The most significant causes were found to be;large size of households, low education levels attained by the household heads,low asset holdings and insufficient expenditure on essential needs of life.It was recommended that greater attention should befocusedon the provision of education to the poor, greater support for alternative income generating activitiesand encouraging the population to control the sizes of their families. Other recommendations included the provision of low rate credit facilities andencouraging the poor to diversify their asset holding.
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