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The Blending of Words and Image in Literary Text Based on Conceptual Blending Theory

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Roland Barthes identifies two types of relationships between text and image: anchorage and relay. Anchorage helps identify one meaning in the image while it can be potentially the site of multi-farious meanings. The complementary relationship of text
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   ʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀ  ʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀʀ  ∗  ɵ    ʄ:  leilasadeghi@gmail.comE-mail:   >ɳ ʆ ɷ>  ʈ ɷ ʅ>ɳɹɳ  ʅ>ɳ    >  *   ʆɸ @> @ɳ><ʆɳ <ʆɳ ʇɳ> <ʆɳɳ  ɷ>:29/6/91 ɺ:12/10/91  ʇ   ɳɷ ɿ ʈ>  ʈ ɷ ʆ <ɷ ʆʈɷ ɷʈ:ʄʈɳ ɿ ɳɷ ɷ>)(ɷ <ɳ>  >ʈ ɳɷ  ɸʅʈ> ɿ ɳɷ ɷ> ʈ )ɸ(< ̹   ʈ ɷ .ʈ ɹ ʅ  @> ɳɷ ʆ» -ʅ «  ɳɷ  @ɳ  <ʆɮ ɷ>   >ɷɳ> ʄɳ.  ɷ ʈ  ʆ ɽɷɳ ɸɳ @> ɿɳɳ ɳ ʆɳ> ʈ ʆ <ɹ <ɷ ʇɷɳ ʆɮ ʇ> @ɳɳ. ɷ @    <ɳɷ ɿ ɳ ɷ>>.<ʈ ɳ ɷ>   ʆ>ɳ> ʆ @ɳɳɷ  @ ɸɳ <@ɳʇ>ɳ  ʈ   ʅ>ɳ ʆɳ > <ɳ  ɳɷ ɳ ɳɳʇ>  ʆɸ >ɷ   @ɳ.<ʈ ɳ ɷ> ʈ  ɳʈɷ ɿɳɳ   ʅ>ɳ ɿ ɷ ʈ  >   ɷ>   ɷ ɹɳ ʆ ɳɷ ɷ   ɷ  <>  ɸɳ  @ɷɳ> >ɳ ɷɮ ɳ ʈ @>ɳ ɷ ʈ <ɳɷ ɷ ʈ  ʆ ɳɷ ʃɷ> ɸɳ @ ɿ  ʈ ɸɳ>  .  ʺɳʈ@ @:  <ɷ @ <ɸ < < ʅ>ɳ.   1.   ɳɷ>  >ɳ ɷ ʈ  ɳɷ ɸɳ    ɷ>  ʆ > ʆ>ɳ> ɳ@ @ɷ>ɽɷɳ ɿɳɳʆ ʈ  ʈ ɷ                                ɸ  @      ɷ             >   4   ɺ <   3   )               1  5   (  <               1   3   9   2     <   7  5  -   1  0   3    >   ɷ>  ʈ ɷ ʅ>ɳ ...   76 ʆɮ > ɸ ʈ ɳʈɷ ɳ ɿɳɳ @ɳ  ɶ ɷ> . <ʄ>   ɷ   ʆɮ ɷ>  ɳ @> ɳɷ ʆ> ʆɮ  ɳɷ  ʈ >ɸɳɳɳɳ.<ɷ ɳ> ʆ> ɸ @ɳ >ɳ ɷɳɳ  ɵɷɷ> ʈ ɳ    ʃɷ>   @ɷɳ> >ɳ ɿ ɳ ɷ> ʇɳ ɳ ʈ ɳ  ɷ.ɸɳ  >ɳɷ  ɳ ɳ  @    ɷ @ ʆɮ ɷ>  @ɳɸɳ <    ɾ>.    ʈ  @  >ɳ ɷ>  ɮ ɸɳ> ɸɳ  <ɳ >ɳ ʆ @ ʄ  ɸɳ    ɳ    ʈ >>ɷɳ.  ɮ ɸɳ <ɷ> ɳɷ ɿɳɳ  ɷ>  >ɷ @>ʈɷ  ɷ ʈ  ʆ > @    @ɳ  ɳ ɷ> < ʈ ɷ ɸɳ  ʊ @ @  ʈ   ɳ ɸɳ ɷ      ʈ ʇɳ ɶ ɷ> ) 2002 ( ʇ>ɳ ɶ @ɷɳ > ʆ>ɳ> ʆ @ɳ ʇ <. ɳ ɹɳ ɷɳ ɷɳ ɷ> ɳɷ     ɷɳɳ >)>  ʈ   ɮ   ɳ>  ɳ ( ʆ ɳɷ  ʈ ɷ ʆ > ɽɷɳ ɿ ʈ> <:    ɳɷ )@ɷɳ>( ɮ ʅ>ɳ ɳʈʈ ɳ   ʆ ɷ>   ɷ  ɳ    ʈ @ɸ  ɳɷ  ɳ ʈ         ɳ ɷ> ʇɳ ɶ    @> >ɸɳ>  ɷ  ʅ>ɳ ɳʈʇɸʇɸ  ʈ @ɳɳ   @ɳ.  ʆ> ɸ @ɳ >ɳ  ɳ ɳ  ʈ ɸɳ    ɷ ɳ> ʇ>ɳ ɷɳɳ   ʃɷ>   @ɷɳ> >ɳ ɿ ɳ ɷ> ʇɳ ʈ ɷ. ɳɷ <ɸɳ <     ɷ @ ʆɮ ɷ>  @ɳ  ɾ >.  > ʆ ʇɮ   @ > )>ɳʈɷ>1(ʈ  @ ɷ @  >)>ɳʈɷ>2(@  > @  ɸɳ    ɳ   @ ɺ  ʈ @ɷɳʅ>ɳ @  >ɳʈɷ> @ ʈ> ɳ ɳʈ> @ ɷ> ʇɳ ʄ  ʈ    ɷ> <@ɳ ɳɷ ɿ ɳ ɷ> @  ʄ ʆ> ɷʈ >.   ɸ @ɷ  ʇɷʈ> 4 ɷ < ʇ 3 )  15 ( <   1392   77 2.   1-2.ɴ ɷ>       ʆ <ʆ ʈ ɹ ɵʆɸ @ɷɳɳ     ɺʈɷɳ> ɷɳ ɸ  @ɳ.ɳ  ɷ>)>ʈ  @@> (   ʈɷ <  ʈɷ @ 1  ʄ <  ɷ> 2   ɷ> ʈ   ɷ>  <  3   ɷ  ʃ  ɷ>@ɳ> ɷɳ.ɷ  ɷ>)>@> > ʈ  @( 4   ɸ ɷ>< ʈ ɷ 5   < ɵɸ ɷ> 6   < ɸ ɷ> 7   < ɵɸ ɷ> - ɷʈ> 8  ʆɳ> ɸ ɷ>- > @ʈ  ɸ ɷ> ɷ ʈ ɷɳ>>ɳ> ʅɳ .  <ʆɸ ʄ> ɷ> @ ɸɳ ʅɳ  ɳ > ɷ @>ɳ @>ɳɳ ʈ  ʈ ɹ  9  >  ʇɸ ɳ ɷ>.> 10   ʈ 11  ʈɳ ʈ >ɳ ɸ ɷ>.ʄ 12 ʆ ʈ ɹ < 13   ɸ ɷ> ʈ  >ɳ> ʅɳ ) Kress &Leeuwen, 2006: 6 .( @ ʈ ɷɳ ɷɳ  ɸɳ   ɷ> <ʄʈɳ >ʈɷ ɷ>ɳ ʇ ʇ>ɳ. <ʅʈ> >ʈɷ ɷ> ɷ  ɳ ʈ ʇ ɷ @ @ > ɳɳ ʇ  ʆɸ ɷ> ɸɳ ʅɳ  ʇ ʈ  < <  .ɳ ɷ>  <ʆɷ ɳ ɳ> ɷ ʈ  ʆ ɳɷ   ɷ.  <ʈɳ ɷʈ ɳ ʈɳ>ʄ ʆ»ɷʈ @ɸ« ɸɳʄʇɷɳ ɷɳ>  ʇɳɴɳ ɳɷ  ɳʇ> ɳɷ  ʈ>) Barthes, 1977: 38 .(<ɷ>ɳ @ɳ  @ɳɷɳ> ʈ @.@ɳ ɷɳɷʈ  ʈ> ɷ  ɳɷ >:ɸ ʈ .   14   ɳɷɳ ɷ <ʆɮ ɷ>  ɳɷ  ɳʈ     ɷ> @ɷ @ ɳʈɷ> >ʈ  ɷ>   ʈ >ɸɳɳ>. ɷʈɷ<ɷ @ ɳɷ  ɳ ɷ  ʈ ɳɳ @ɷ    1Mukarovsky2Honzl3Bogatyrev4Schefer5Lindekens6Metz7Nattiez8Fresnault-Deruelle9Hodge andKress10Threadgold11Thibault12O’Toole13Van Leeuwen14Anchorage   >   ɷ>  ʈ ɷ ʅ>ɳ ...   78 > @< ɸɳ @ >) 26-25 : Ibid .(@> ɿ  ʈɳ ʇɷɳ ɷ ʈ  ʆ ɳɷ ɸɳɸ ɳɷ ʆɮ ʈ  15   .ɳɷ ɳ ɳ ʈɳ    ɷ ̹    ɷʆɳ> ʄ @ɳ >ɷ @ 16 <ʆɳ>- > @ɷɳ> 17   ʈɳʈɷ @) Ibid: 41 ( ɳ ɸɳɳ.<ɽɷɳ ɿ ɳ ɷ> ʇɸ ʈ>   ʈ   ɷ    ɳɷ     ʈ   >ɳ ʅ >.@ɳ ɷ   ɷ ʈ  ɳɷ ɷ  ʈ >ɷɳ> >ʈ  >  >ɷɳ> ʆɳ ʇɳ  ɷ> ɳɸ  >  ɷ>) Crow, 2010: 72 .( ɳ ʇ ɳ>  ɳ >ɷ   <ʅ >ʈɷ ɷ>.<>ʈɷ ɳ ɷ>ɳɷ   ɷ> ɷ ʈ  ʆ>:ɳɷ<>ɷɳ> ɷ ɷ  @ɳ ɳɷ  ʈ >ɷɳ ɷ ɷ  @ɳ ʄɳ ɳɷ  @ ɷ ʈ >     ɳɷ >.<>ʈɷ ɳ ɷ>ɹɷʈ ɳ  @>ɳ   ʆ ʈ  ɷ ɷ> ɳ  ʈ ɳ  ɷ   ʈ ɷ ɮ    ɳɷ ɷ  <>ɴ ɸɳ  ɷ>    ɳʈɷ  ʆ> @ɳʈ  >ɳ ɶ ɷ> ɳɷ  @ɷ  ʈ >ɷɳ   ɷ <>  >.ʆɮ ɵ ʈ  ɽɷɳ    ɷ> ɷ >ʈɷ <  ɷ  ʈ   @ɸ ɳ  ɽɷɳ >ɳ ɷ> ɳ.ʆɮ ɷ ɸɳ   >ɳʇɸ    ʊ@ @ ɷ ʅ   ʈ     ɳʈ ɷ  ʈ ʈɷ    ) ( ʇ>ɳ> ) Kress& Leeuwen, 2006: 18-20 .( ɸ @ɳ   <ɷ> ʅ ɳʈɳ ʅ   ɸɳ ʄʈɳ ɿ ɽɷɳ ʈ  ɳ> ʈ ɷ @-ʈ    ʅʈ> ɿ ɷ>-ɳ ʅ ) bid: 26I .(ʆɮ    > ɴ ɷ>   ɳ ɳ @ɳ ʈ  ɴɳ ɷ  ʈ @ @ʆɮ >ʈɷ ɷ> ɷ ɳ ʇ>ɸɳ    >  @ɳʆɮ ɷʈɸ ɳ  < ɳ ɳ   ʄ.  15Relay16Cartoon17Comic strip  ɸ @ɷ  ʇɷʈ> 4 ɷ < ʇ 3 )  15 ( <   1392   79 2-2.ʆɳɳ ɷ>   ʈ @> <@)1388(ɷ> ɹɳ ʇ>ɳɸɷ ʇ ɸɳ @ɷɳ>  ʈ>  ʇ> ɷ @ɷ ʇ>ɸɳ ɳɷ  ʈ ɷ ɺɮ  <ʈɳ.@>)1388:201(ʇɷɳ   @ ɷ  ɷ  ʁ  @ ʆɮ ɳɷ  ʈ  ʈ ɷ  ɳ ʇɷ  ɳ  ʈ ɳ>  > <ʆ>ɳ ɸɳ   ʈ @ʈ @.@ ʈ )1390( ɷ> ɴ ɵɷɷ> >   ʅ>   ɳɳ  ɳ)1384( ɸɳ  ɳ ɳ    ʈ ʅ ʈ ʇ   ʈ @ɳ> <>ɳ.@>)1388:307-321(  ɷ>  ɸ   ɷ ɳ   ɷ> ʈ    >    ʈɳ ɳʇɷɳ @ɸ @ɳ ɸ ʅ > @ɳɷɮ    ʈ   ɸ ʈ ɸɳ >  ɹɳ>ɸɳ>.  ɷ ɷ><ʇʀ ʅʀɳ  ʈ  ʆ ɳɷ ɴɷ> ʃ> @ɸ ɵɸ ɷ>     ʀɳɷ ʀ ʀ ʈ  @ɳ ɷ @ɳ   ɳʈ ʀ ʆʀ ʀ ʀ ʈ ʀɷ -  > ʈ >-ɳ ʇ ʇɷɳ.ʀ <ʇɸ ɳ ɷ>ʀ ʀʀɳ  ɵ ɴ ʈɺ ɵ>ɷ>  ʀ ʀɷ> ʇʀ  >.ɳ )1389:69(ʀ > ʈ ɷ>ʀʀ ʈ ʇʀ ʆʀ ʀɳɷ  ɷɳ ɳ ʆ ʈ> ɷɮ ɳɷ ʇ   ɷ ɺɸɷɳ ʈɷ> ʀ   ɴ>ɷɳ> .    ɷ> ʈɳ ɷʆ  @ɳ>ɷ»ɸ«ʀ> ɷ  ʀɳ ʇ.ʀ @)1387(ɷ> ʀɳ ʀ ʇʀɷ ʀ ʆʀ ʀ >ʀ ʈʀ ɷ> ʀ  ʆ ɳ ʇ> ʆ >  ʀ ʀ ɷʀɳ ɷ> @ɸ ɳ .ʀ<@ʀ ɷʈʀ    ɳ    ɷ ɷ>  @ɷɳʀ ʈʀ ʀ ʀ >ʀ-ʀ -       ɺ> ʈ>   ʈ  ʈ ʈ >ɷɳ> @ɷ >.  3.ɷ ʈ  ɳɷ  1-3.ɸ ʈ :ɷ ʆʈɷ  ɳɷ ʅ ɿ  ɸɳ   <ɷ ʈ   ɳ @ɳ ɷ>:
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