Travel & Places

11 pages
5 views

POTTERY VESSELS FROM A NEWLY DISCOVERED AMMONITE DOVECOTE AT AIN AL-BAIDA, AMMAN

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 11
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Share
Description
POTTERY VESSELS FROM A NEWLY DISCOVERED AMMONITE DOVECOTE AT AIN AL-BAIDA, AMMAN
Transcript
  POTTERY VESSELS FROM A NEWLY DISCOVERED AMMONITE DOVECOTE AT AIN AL-BAIDA, AMMAN N    K     R      K    This paper deals with pottery vessels from a newly discovered Ammonite dovecote located at Ain al-Baida in north-east Amman. This dovecote may have operated independently or as an adjunct to a large estate or farm holding. Based on parallel ceramic studies, the writers date the establishment to the period from the late eighth to the sixth centuries BC. This discovery is unique, since no other comparable example from the late Iron Age is attested in Jordan.Keywords: Ammonite, Iron Age, dovecote, hole-mouth jars   .     A subterranean dovecote was noticed by two graduate students of the Department of Archae-ology, University of Jordan at the site of Ain al-Baida, Amman. 1  Accordingly, a rescue exca- vation was conducted at the site by Randa Kakish between    and    July    . The site lies tothe northwest of Queen Alia Hospital, almost    km to the south of the site of Yajuz and very close to the Ain al-Baida Ammonite site (Fig.    ), where a number of Ammonite towers are scat-tered in the surrounding area ( Glueck,   ,   –  ; Abu Dayyah  et al.,   ,    ).The excavation carried out in and around the dovecote revealed that it was hewn of softchalky limestone, that it has a rounded entrance of c.    m in diameter, is c.   .   m deep, andthat a couple of stairs (   –   cm in width) lead down to the dovecote. The interior surfaces arepierced with about    small niches. They are of different sizes ranging from c.   –   cm inwidthand   –   cmin length, with adepth ranging between  and    cm.The nichemeasure-ments make them well suited for nesting-holes to accommodate doves. To the southeast of thestructure is atunnel which,duetothelimitedtimeof theexcavation,awaitsfurther work.Sincethe dovecote lies very close to Jordan Road, it had already been targeted by looters and, as aresult, the stratigraphy had been disturbed, the pottery finds were discarded in a heap besidethe dovecote (Figs.   –   ). A large number of pottery sherds were collected from inside the dovecote and from thesizable accumulation next to it. Significantly the authors found that there was only one typeof pottery vessel: hole-mouth jars. The context in which these jars were found, in sites in Pales-tine and Jordan, indicates that they were used as storage jars (see discussion in Section    ).  .         (   .   :   .   –  ;   :   .   –  ;    )Twenty-four different pottery rims with body attachments of   ‘ hole-mouth ’  cylindrical jars withrounded bases were encountered inside and around the excavated dovecote. Each type is fully described using the same criteria, namely shape, ware, surface treatment, and technique of production. Parallel examples are provided, mainly from the southern Levant, to shed morelight on the history and geographical distribution of the pottery types encountered. They are as follows.  Address correspondence to: Nabil Khairy, ni.khairy@ju.edu.jo Palestine Exploration Quarterly ,   ,    (    ),   –  © Palestine Exploration Fund     :   .  /  Z.    Description   . Diameter of mouth   .   cm Approximate thickness   .  –  .   cmFragment of rim and part of body, rim inverted and flattened with pronounced ridge at junction of rim and body. Thick buff ware, medium, with inclusions of large white limestonegrits, coarse to the touch, no visible slip, body comparatively porous, evenly fired, traces of thepotter ’ s wheel visible in places, body is stained and encrusted. Fig.   . The site of the Ain al-Baida dovecote and nearby archaeological sites. The dovecote(columbarium) is located at site no.   .Fig.   . The subterranean dovecote at Ain al-Baida.         . Diameter of mouth   .   cm Approximate thickness   .  –  .   cmSmall sherd of rim with attached body, rim inverted and flattened covering almost half of the mouth, defined ridge at junction of rim and body, body bulging, hard and coarse dull buff-ware, small and medium white limestone grits, imperfect firing, since grey core is visible inplaces, traces of potter ’ s wheel internally and externally. Fig.   . Ain al-Baida dovecote.Fig.   . Ain al-Baida dovecote.       ,   ,   ,     . Diameter of mouth   .   cm Approximate thickness   .  –  .   cmFragment of rim and part of body attachment, rim inverted and bending internally as ahinge, rim of comparatively triangular cross-section, sooted and encrusted, full of porosity andgrits, hard to touch, traces of potter ’ s wheel in places.  . Diameter of mouth   .   cm Approximate thickness   .  –  .   cmSmall fragment of rim, inverted and flattened internally, brownish ware, stained and dis-coloured with some encrustation in places, gritty and coarse to touch, not well fired, grey core,traces of potter ’ s wheel on the two external zones.  . Diameter of mouth   .   cm Approximate thickness   .  –  .   cmFragment of rim, with body attachment, rim inverted and flattened with slightly roundedtop, bulging body. Buff-creamy ware, heavily stained and encrusted, some white limestone gritinclusions, well fired, traces of potter ’ s wheel in places. Fig.   . Hole-mouth jars, Ain al-Baida.         . Diameter of mouth   .   cm Approximate thickness   .  –  .   cmFragment of rim and body attachment, rim flattened on top and inverted covering almost half of the mouth of the jar, sharp pronounced and defined ridge at outer edge of rim, body slightly bulging, buff-creamy ware, coarse to touch with some grit inclusions,evenly fired, body comparatively encrusted and stained, traces of the potter ’ s wheelnoticed on both surfaces.  . Diameter of mouth   .   cm Approximate thickness   .  –  .   cmSmall fragment of rim and body, inverted flattened rim, pronounced ridge at outside edgeof rim, light brownish ware, coarse to touch, gritty and porous, body comparatively crude,stained and encrusted, traces of potter ’ s wheel visible on both internal and external zones.  . Diameter of mouth   .   cm Approximate thickness   .  –  .   cmSmall fragment of rim and neck, rim inverted and flattened on top, with defined ridge at junction of rim and body, top of rim bevelled at   ° towards external ridge, light brownishware, coarse to touch, encrusted, well-levigated, evenly fired, traces of potter ’ s wheel onboth internal and external zones. Fig.   . Hole-mouth jars, Ain al-Baida.       ,   ,   ,  
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks
SAVE OUR EARTH

We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

More details...

Sign Now!

We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!

x