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Urban sustainability issues — Enabling resource-efficient cities

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Urban sustainability issues — Enabling resource-efficient cities
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  Urban sustainability issues —Enabling resource-efficient cities ISSN 1725-2237 EEA Technical report No 25/2015  EEA Technical report No 25/2015 Urban sustainability issues —Enabling resource-efficient cities  European Environment AgencyKongens Nytorv 61050 Copenhagen KDenmarkTel.: +45 33 36 71 00Web: eea.europa.euEnquiries: eea.europa.eu/enquiriesCover design: EEACover photo: © Rastislav StaníkLayout: EEA/Rosendahls Legal notice The contents of this publication do not necessarily reflect the official opinions of the European Commission or other institutions of the European Union. Neither the European Environment Agency nor any person or company acting on behalf of the Agency is responsible for the use that may be made of the information contained in this report. Copyright notice © European Environment Agency, 2015Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.More information on the European Union is available on the Internet (http://europa.eu).Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2015ISBN 978-92-9213-712-0ISSN 1725-2237doi:10.2800/952903  3 ContentsUrban sustainability issues — Enabling resource-efficient cities Contents 1 What is this report about? ...................................................................................................6 1.1 Three reports on resource-efficient cities ............................................................................81.1.1 What is a resource-efficient city? ...............................................................................81.1.2 Resource-efficient cities: good practice ....................................................................81.1.3 Enabling resource-efficient cities ...............................................................................81.2 Scope of this report .................................................................................................................9 2 The factors contributing to complexity ............................................................................10 2.1 Cooperation and coordination challenges .........................................................................102.2 Integration challenges ..........................................................................................................112.3 Societal challenges ................................................................................................................12 3 The role of the different levels of government ...............................................................13 3.1 The European level ................................................................................................................153.1.1 Long-term orientations .............................................................................................153.1.2 Sectoral orientations .................................................................................................163.2.3 Cohesion Policy ..........................................................................................................173.2.4 Sharing knowledge and learning by example ........................................................193.2.5 Research .....................................................................................................................223.2 The national level ..................................................................................................................223.2.1 Long-term visions and targets .................................................................................223.2.2 From national to subnational level .........................................................................243.3 The regional level ..................................................................................................................243.3.1 Potential for action ....................................................................................................253.3.2 Working with enterprises .........................................................................................28 4 Transition management in cities ......................................................................................29 4.1 Facing a 'wicked' problem ...................................................................................................294.2 A co-creative and participatory process ............................................................................314.3 The perception issue .............................................................................................................344.4 The lessons learnt from success stories .............................................................................344.5 Key factors in the management of transition cities .........................................................36 5 Bibliography .........................................................................................................................43
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