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UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL AUTÓNOMA DE NICARAGUA UNAN – MANAGUA FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS MÉDICAS

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UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL AUTÓNOMA DE NICARAGUA UNAN – MANAGUA FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS MÉDICAS
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  UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL AUTÓNOMA DE NICARAGUAUNAN – MANAGUAFACULTAD DE CIENCIAS MÉDICASPLAN DE CLASES Fecha: 1º y 2 de a!"# de 2$$%D!& Ma'(e# S& A#)a!* G*'+,#e+DESE-UILI.RIO /IDROELECTROL0TICOC*'e'"d*: C*'ce* – Mea*#"34* de# a5(a – 6e!a!7("+ac"8' de #*3de3e7("#"!"*3 h"d!*e#ec!*#9"c*3 – De3e7("#"!"* h9d!"c* – T!a3*!'*3 de# 3*d"* –T!a3*!'*3 de# *a3"* – E7("#"!"* ,c"d*a3e – T!a3*!'*3 de# e7("#"!"* ,c"d*a3eCONCEPTO:T;!4"'* (3ad* a!a !e)e!"!3e a (' a4#"* ca4* de #a a*#*59a ed",!"ca< 7(e"'c#(ye' #a3 a#e!ac"*'e3 de #a h*4e*3a3"3 de# a5(a y #*3 e#ec!*#"*3 d"3(e#*3 e'#*3 #97("d*3 "*#85"c*3 7(e c*'3"(ye' e# 4ed"* "'e!'*&Se !e3e'a' *! e=ce3* * d;)"c" de a5(a y 3e ac*4a>a' * '* de4*d")"cac"*'e3 e' #a c*'ce'!ac"8' de #*3 e#ec!*#"*3& Element oExcesoDéficit  / 2 O CO 2  / ? Na ? @ ? C#  Ca ?? M5 ?? S*!eh"d!aac"8'/"e!ca'ea Ac"d*3"3/"e!'a!e4"a/"e!*a3e4"a/"e!c#*!e4"a/"e!ca#ce4"a/"e!4a5'e3e4"aDe3h"d!aac"8'/"*ca'ea A#ca#*3"3/"*'a!e4"a/"**a3e4"a/"*c#*!e4"a/"*ca#ce4"a/"*4a5'e3e4"aMETA.OLISMO DEL AGUA:La c#ae a!a c*'*ce! #a3 'ece3"dade3 a3a#e3 de #97("d*3 y e#ec!*#"*3 e3!ec*'*ce! 7(e 3e *!"5"'a' e' e# 4ea*#"34* a3a#& E# 4ea*#"34* c!ea d*3!*d(c*3 !e3"d(a#e3< calor    y solutos < 7(e dee' 3e! e#"4"'ad*3 a!a 4a'e'e! #ah*4e*3a3"3E# calor   3e d"3"a )('da4e'a#4e'e *! #a  pérdida insensible  de a5(a *! ea*!ac"8' a !a;3 de #a 3(e!)"c"e c(,'ea B#a ;!d"da c(,'ea ac"a y3e'3"#e< #a 3(d*!ac"8'< 3e a>ade 3*#a4e'e c(a'd* hay ('a ca!5a de ca#*! ad"c"*'a# y '* 3e #e c*'3"de!a a!e de #a3 'ece3"dade3 a3a#e3&  La e#"4"'ac"8' de vapor de agua  ca#"e'e d(!a'e #a e3"!ac"8' a4";' c*'!"(yea #a3 ;!d"da3 "'3e'3"#e3&La tasa metabólica  '* 3e !e#ac"*'a d"!eca4e'e c*' e# e3* y 3e e=!e3a e'('"dade3 de e'e!59a B@ca# * *(#e3& E' !e#ac"8' c*' e# e3* c*!*!a#< #a a3a4ea8#"ca a3a# BTM. e3 4ay*! e' e# e!9*d* 'e*'aa# y 4(ch* 4,3 aa e' #aedad ad(#a< y #a !a'3"c"8' '* e3 #"'ea#& Ta3a de 4ea*#"34* a3a#< c*'3(4* *a# e3"4ad*c*' ac""dad '*!4a# y c*'3(4* ca#8!"c* de# ac"e'e!*4ed"* h*3"a#"+ad*& C*4* #a TM. *! 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