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TEACHERS ACCOUNTABILITY AS PERCEIVED BY CHAIRPERSONS AND TEACHERS

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Teachers Accountability is an old and widely discussed phenomenon. Ma ny researchers have made incalculable efforts to study the dimensions of Teachers Accountability. This study is aimed t o study the opinion of chairpersons and teachers regarding teachers’ accountability towards students, classroom and institution, teachers’ activities, society and nation, and interpersonal relationship. Through data analysis, it is found that teachers have favorable opinion regarding teachers’ accountability towards students, classroom and institution, and teachers’ activities while they don’t have favorable opinion regarding teachers’ accountability towards society and nation, and interpersonal relationship. Furthermore, it is found that chairpersons have favorable opinion regarding teachers’ accountability towards students, classroom and institution , and society and nation. On the other hand, chairpersons don’t have favorable opinion regarding teachers’ accountability towards teachers’ activities and interpersonal relationship. Keywords: Teachers, Accountability, Classroom, Interaction, Chairpersons, Nation, Achievement, Society etc.
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  Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies, Online ISSN 2278-8808, SJIF 2016 = 6.17, www.srjis.com   UGC Approved Sr. No.45269, JULY-AUG 2017, VOL- 4/35 Copyright © 2017, Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies TEACHERS ACCOUNTABILITY AS PERCEIVED BY CHAIRPERSONS AND TEACHERS Meenakshi 1   &   Banti Rani 2   1  Assistant Professor, Shah Satnam Ji College of Education, Sirsa-125055,  India. 2  Assistant Professor, Shri Sai Baba College of Education, Siwan, Haryana. Teachers Accountability is an old and widely discussed phenomenon. Many researchers have made incalculable efforts to study the dimensions of Teachers  Accountability. This study is aimed to study the opinion of chairpersons and teachers regarding teac hers’ accountability towards students, classroom and institution, teachers’ activities, society and nation  , and interpersonal relationship. Through data analysis, it is found that teachers have favorable opinion regarding teachers’ accountability towards s tudents, classroom and institution, and teachers’ activities while they don’t have favorable opinion regarding teachers’ accountability towards society and nation, and interpersonal relationship.  Furthermore, it is found that chairpersons have favorable opinion regarding teachers’   accountability towards students, classroom and institution, and society and nation. On the other hand, chairpersons don’t   have favorable opinion regarding teachers’ accountability towards   teachers’ activities and interpersonal relationship. Keywords:  Teachers, Accountability, Classroom, Interaction, Chairpersons,  Nation, Achievement, Society etc. Concept Development The concept of „Teachers Accountability‟ consists of two different but interrelated terms: the one is „Teachers‟ and another is „ Accountability ‟.   Accountability may be termed as “responsibility to someone or for some activity”. When considering a teacher‟s accountability, we relate it t o the teacher‟s responsibility towards his students and their   learning progress. Accountability may be described as a phenomenon which involves the duties of individuals, chairpersons and the institutions towards students and the whole education system. It maintains that teachers are responsible to bring  Scholarly Research Journal's is licensed Based on a work at  www.srjis.com     Meenakshi & Banti Rani (Pg. 6353-6366) 6354   Copyright © 2017, Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies quality in their products (students) and improve their knowledge, skills, attitudes and behavior. Literature Review and Rationale of the study  Lund (1990) found accountability to be in a hierarchical configuration. The  basis for this hierarchy was teacher monitoring. Newmann, King & Rigdon (1997) found that only seven of the twenty college had strong accountability systems. There 7 colleges had all 4 components of a complete accountability system: information, standards, consequences and an agent to judge organizational performance. Thrupp, Mansell, Hawksworth, & Harold (2003) reported that that educators were determined that they may be accountable for student achievement but to a limited extent due to the impact of family background. Kleinhenz & Ingvarson (2004) explored the strong link between teacher quality and student learning outcomes calls for effective systems of teacher accountability. School systems in all Australian states have established policies and practices to raise levels of teacher accountability, but it remains doubtful whether they have the capacity to deliver on teacher quality assurance or improvement in teachers‟ practice. Most of principals and teachers opined that the teachers are accountable towards the academic achievements of students, punctuality in taking class, completion of the assigned syllabus in time, updating the knowledge of students, organization of co-curricular activities, preparation for examination, providing guidance and counseling among students, inculcating of higher values and helping in improving college Campus (Sahu 2002). It is concluded from the related literature that the intense research regarding teachers‟  accountability at university level is remained unexplored. Therefore, a need is felt to investigate the Teachers' Accountability as Perceived by Chairpersons and Teachers of Chaudhary Devi Lal University, Sirsa. Objectives, Research Questions and Hypotheses The major objectives of this research work are:    To study the opinion of chairpersons regarding teachers‟ accountability    Meenakshi & Banti Rani (Pg. 6353-6366) 6355    Copyright © 2017, Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies towards student s, classroom and institution, teachers‟ activities, society and nation; and interpersonal relationship.    To study the opinion of teachers regarding teachers‟ accountability towards students, classroom and institution, teachers‟ activities, society and nation; and interpersonal relationship. The present study aimed to analyze the following questions: 1.   Do the teachers have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability towards students? 2.   Do the teachers have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountab ility towards classroom and institution? 3.   Do the teachers have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability towards teachers‟ activities?  4.   Do the teachers have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability towards society and nation? 5.   Do the te achers have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability towards interpersonal relations? 6.   Do the chairpersons have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability towards students? 7.   Do the chairpersons have favorable opinion regarding teachers ‟ accountability towards classroom and institution? 8.   Do the chairpersons have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability towards teachers‟ activities? 9.   Do the chairpersons have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability towards society and nation? 10. Do the chairpersons have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability towards interpersonal relations? In order to accomplish the objectives of the study following hypotheses were framed and the same were further tested: H1: Teachers have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability towards students. H2: Teachers have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability    Meenakshi & Banti Rani (Pg. 6353-6366) 6356   Copyright © 2017, Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies towards classroom and institution. H3: Teachers have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability t owards teachers‟ activities. H4: Teachers have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability towards society and nation. H5: Teachers have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability towards interpersonal relations. H6: The chairpersons have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability towards students. H7: The chairpersons have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability towards classroom and institution. H8: The chairpersons have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability towards teachers‟ activities. H9: The chairpersons have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability towards society and nation. H10: The chairpersons have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟ accountability towards interpersonal relations. Research Methodology For the purpose of the study, the researcher randomly collected primary data from the respondents i.e. 10 chairpersons and 50 teachers of Chaudhary Devi Lal University, Sirsa. The present study is descriptive in nature. The researchers used questionnaire developed by Satish Kumar (2006-07) as tool for collecting data. The questionnaire comprises 25 items. The questionnaire contained two responses 'Yes' and 'No.' In the questionnaire '1' marks is assigned to 'Yes' or 'Agree and '0' is assigned to 'No' or Disagree. Analytical Procedure, Result and Discussion For the purpose of analysis of data simple measures like frequencies and  percentage were used. Research Questions 1:  Do the teachers have favorable opinion regarding teac hers‟ accountability towards students?   Hypothesis 1:  The teachers have favorable opinion regarding teachers‟
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