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Strategic Management Plan of High Altitude Government Managed Forest of Ghamire Lek of Rolpa district

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Strategic Management Plan of High Altitude Government Managed Forest of Ghamire Lek of Rolpa district
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  Strategic Management Plan of High Altitude Government Managed Forest of Ghamire Lek of Rolpa district Submitted by Mr. R. B. Thakur Team Leader & High Altitude Forest Management Expert Mr. Khim K.C. Social Officer Submitted to Livelihoods & Forestry Programme , Dang & Rolpa & District Forest Office, Rolpa January , 2008   1   January 27, 2008 CERTIFICATE OF ACCEPTANCE This is to certify that this research entitled “ Strategic Management Plan of High Altitude Government Managed Forest of Ghamire Lek of Rolpa district ” carried out by Mr. R. B. Thakur, Team leader & High altitude Forest Management Expert and Mr. Khim K.C. , Social Officer under our advice and suggestions has been accepted as a requirement of the Livelihoods & Forestry Program, Mid-West Co-ordination Office, Dang; Livelihoods & Forestry Program, Rolpa and District Forest Office, Rolpa for the effective and sustainable management of forest resources of the high altitude government managed forest of Ghamire Lek of Rolpa district.   ----------------------------- ------------------------------ Dr. N.P. Yadav Technical Forest Advisor Mid-West Co-ordination Office , Dang Mr. Nahakul K.C. Area Programme Co-ordinator, Mid-West Co-ordination Office , Dang 2    January 27, 2008 DECLARATION We hereby declare that this research entitled  "   Strategic Management Plan of High Altitude Government Managed Forest of Ghamire Lek of Rolpa district  " is our own work except otherwise as acknowledged. We have not submitted it or any of its part to any other institutions / organizations . ………………………… Mr. R.B. Thakur   Team Leader & High Altitude Forest Management Expert Livelihoods & Forestry Programme , Mid-West Co-ordination Office, Dang ………………………… Mr. Khim K.C.  Social Officer Livelihoods & Forestry Programme , Mid-West Co-ordination Office, Dang  3   ACKNOWLEDGEMENT First and foremost my sincere gratitude and deep respect goes to Dr. N.P. Yadav , Mr. Nahakul K.C. , Mr. K.P. Yadav , Mr. Bal Bahadur Shahi & Mr. Prakash K.C. for his continuous guidance, suggestions, encouragement and help extended to complete this study. I would like to express my sincere and profound gratitude to Mr. Pashupati Nath Koirala (DFO, Rolpa) , Mr.Khushi Ram Dhauniya (LFP, Rolpa), who encouraged and motivated me to boost up our study with some critiques and suggestions. I would like to express my sincere thanks to Mr. Mr. Topendra KC (District Administration Office, Rolpa ;  Acting C.D.O.) , Mrs. Anju Dhungana (Women Development Office, Rolpa , Women Development Officer) , Mr. Hari Bdr. Thapa (District Development Committee, Rolpa; Engineer) , Mr. Naresh Subedi (District  Agriculture Development Office, Rolpa ; JT), Mr. Arjun Kumar Ale (District Development Committee, Rolpa; DPA) , Mr. Ram Kumar Neupane (District Development Committee, Rolpa; programme Officer) , Mr. Dilip Kumar Choudhary (District Agriculture Development Office, Rolpa; JT) , Mr. Tank Gurung (DFO, Rolpa; Ranger) and Mr. Gourab Bhatt (DFO, Rolpa; Ranger) for being participated in the sharing of field experiences & findings organized on Mangsir-2, 2064 and also for the invaluable comments, suggestions and feedback. I express my deep sense of gratitude and respect to Mr. Yam K.C. ( Programme Technician , Rolpa) Mr. Rajendra Pokhrel (Supervisor, DECOS Nepal) , since without their contribution in assessing forest resource & carrying out social surveys was very much difficult and this strategic management plan will not be possible in this form. Heartly thanks are expressed to Mr. Mul Bahadur Rokka ( LRP, DECOS Nepal ), Mr. Rabin Nepali (LRP, DECOS Nepal) , Mr. Tirkha Rokka (Local Healer/Vaidya, Mirul, Rolpa) , Mr. Shyam Bahadur Gharti ( Forest Guard, District Forest Office, Rolpa ), who rendered their active help during the period of field study. I would like to express my sincere thanks to respected members of the DECOS Nepal and FECOFUN , Rolpa  for assistance during fieldwork as well as for the invaluable comments, suggestions and feedback for final completion of the report.  A very special appreciation goes to the members of different political parties and civil society , Jaljala Conservation Committee , herders , NTFP traders , teachers and local persons who help me during the field study . From: Mr. R. B. Thakur Team Leader & High Altitude Forest Management Expert & Mr. Khim K.C. Social Officer    4  Strategic Management Plan of High Altitude Government Managed Forest of Ghamire Lek of Rolpa district   Abstract Altitudinal range of Ghamire Lek of Rolpa district lies between 2000-3000 m which possesses highly valuable and commercially viable non timber forest products including Samayo, Chiraito, Lauth Salla, Lokta, Allo etc and tree species such as Okhar, Phalant , Bajh, Kharsu, Gurans , Jhulle salla, Kaulo etc. . Unfortunately, it is not managed scientifically & there is not a traditional management system. Ghamire Lek of Rolpa district was selected for the study site because its altitudinal range lies between 2000 and 3000 meter. Most part of the Ghamire Lek lies between Mirul, Kureli & Homa VDCs and some part of the Lek lies between Dhabang & Jankot VDCs. For forest Resource Assessment, every sampling plot size was taken as 5.64 m radius for tree and shrub species and 1.78 m radius taken for herb and NTFP species within the same plot. For the study, 102 sample plots were taken from the study site of Ghamire lek. Moreover, frequency, relative frequency, population density, relative population density , basal area , relative basal area , importance value index was also determined . The amount of Lokta bark was estimated by using regression formula , Ln (Usable bark in gram ) = -2.46 + 2.86 Ln (age in years ) . Among NTFPs, Lokta ( Daphne bholua ),  Chiraito ( Swertia chirayita ) , Allo ( Girardinia diversifolia ) , Samayo ( Valeriana wallichii ) , Kaulo ( Persea spp. ) , Bhango (Hemp), Siltumur (  Litsea cubeba ) , Louthsalla ( Taxus baccata )  and Pakhanved ( Berginia ciliata )  were selected from matrix ranking as well as pair-wise ranking. Among tree species , Gurans ( Rhododendron arboreum ) , Phalant ( Quercus glauca )  , Kharsu ( Quercus semicarpifolia )  , Raij ( Quercus incana )  , Jhulle salla ( Picea smithiana ) , Bains  (Salix babylonica)  , Banjh (Quercus semicarpifolia ) , Anger ( Lyonia ovalifolia )  , Okhar (Juglans regia )  and Kaulo (Persea spp) were prioritized . These prioritized  NTFPs and Tree species were assessed in details . Volume per hectare of Jhulle salla (Picea smithiana )  is the highest , i.e.  982.65 cubic meter / ha. and the lowest is of Bains (Salix babylonica ), i.e. 2.1 cubic meter / ha. in Ghamire Lek of Rolpa district . Volume per hectare of major respective tree species such as Gurans , Phalant , Kharsu, Raij, Banjh , Anger , Okhar and Kaulo was 27.93 , 79.02 , 199.28 , 10.18 , 15.1 , 11 , 253 and 12 respectively. Yield of Prioritized NTFPs was 32202, 17864 and 548660 kg. in air dry weight of Chiraito , Samayo and Allo respectively in Ghamire Lek . Issues & options of forest based enterprises were determined. Similarly , issues and options of transhumance grazing system was also found out . 5
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