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Status of Governance in Community Forest Users Group (CFUGs) of Nepal: A Case Study from CFUGs of Surkhet District

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Status of Governance in Community Forest Users Group (CFUGs) of Nepal: A Case Study from CFUGs of Surkhet District
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  1 Status of Governance in Community Forest Users Group (CFUGs) of Nepal: A Case Study from CFUGs of Surkhet District Submitted by  : Ram Bichari Thakur M.Sc. Natural Resource Management Roll no. 10100MNN In Partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Natural Resource Management Submitted to : The Energy and Resource Institute (TERI) University  Vasant Kunj, Institutional Area- 10 New Delhi, India Under the guidance of Dr. N.P. Yadav Forestry Advisor Livelihoods & Forestry Programme, Mid-West Office, Ghorahi, Dang  A Bilateral Project of DFID-UK and Nepal 1 August 2011  2 Livelihoods and Forestry Programme Mid-West Co-ordination Office, Dang Tel: +977 82 560987/562265 Email: lfpmw@lfpmw.org.np  c/o DFID-Nepal, P.O. Box 106 Kathmandu, Nepal Tel: +977 1 4410010 Fax: +977 1 4410469 Email: lfp@lfp.org.np  Certificate This is to certify that the report entitled “  Status of Governance in Community  Forest Users Group of Nepal: A Case Study from CFUGs of Surkhet District  ” submitted by Mr Ram Bichari Thakur, a student of M.Sc. Natural Resource Management Program at TERI University, New Delhi has accomplished excellent works under my guidance from 25 th  May to 25 th  July, 2011 at one of  working districts of Livelihoods & Forestry Programme, Mid-West Programme Coordination Office, Dang, Nepal. Please feel free to write any quarries regarding Mr Thakur‟s minor project field  work, report writing and his involvement with us in previous research works. Regards, Nagendra Prasad Yadav, Ph.D. Forestry Advisor Livelihoods & Forestry Programme Mid-West Programme Co-ordination Office Ghorahi, Dang, Nepal  3 Declaration I hereby declare that this research "  Assessment of Status of Governance in Community Forest Users Group of Nepal:  Multiple Case Studies of CFUGs  from Surkhet District    " is my own work except otherwise as acknowledged. I have not submitted it or any of its part to any other academic institutions. …………………………………  Ram Bichari Thakur M.Sc. Natural Resource Management Roll no. 10100MNN The Energy and Resource Institute (TERI) University, 10, Institutional Area, Vasantkunj, New Delhi, India Date: August 1, 2011  4  Abstract Community forestry program of Nepal is well-renowned throughout the world. More than 14000 forest users group have been formed, and more than 25% of the national forest handed over to the community forest users group (CFUG), and approximately 35% of the households are directly involved in the community forestry programme of Nepal. Primary objective of the community forestry program as envisioned by the Master Plan for Forestry Sector (1979) is to fulfil the basic needs of forest products, and it is often claimed that it has fulfilled the objective in a large extent. But, CFUG is lagging behind to achieve the second generation issues such as sustainable forest management, good governance and livelihoods upliftment. To identify the gap between desired and existing governance status in the CFUG, five CFUGs were selected on the  basis of multiphase random sampling consideration on ethnicity, gender, accessibility and size of households of users group. Field based data were analysed based on matrix ranking of governance. Questionnaire survey was carried out to assess the status of governance. Questionnaire was prepared by taking into account of key elements of governance such as transparency, participation, accountability, rule of law, equity and inclusiveness, and effectiveness and efficiency. The study suggests that status of governance in Chetana Janjagriti CFUG, Bhairum CFUG, Ram Janaki CFUG and Thulo Danda Mahila CFUG have good governance condition while Kundali CFUG has fair governance condition. Similarly, status of governance in Chetana Janjagriti CFUG is highest and lowest in the Kundali CFUG. In an overall, status of governance in Surkhet district is good. Governance strengthening is prerequisite to advance the status of governance in CFUG. Key words: Participation, accountability, transparency, governance strengthening etc.  5  Acknowledgement First and foremost my sincere gratitude and deep respect goes to my research advisor Dr. N.P. Yadav, Forest Advisor of Livelihoods & Forestry Programme, Mid-West Coordination Office, Dang for his continuous guidance, help, encouragement, guidance and practical suggestions extended to complete this research. I would like to express my sincere and profound gratitude to Mr. Shree Prasad Baral, DFO, Surkhet for his constant encouragement and inspiration. Sincere thanks goes to my research assistants Mr. Sher Bahadur Rokaya, ranger of Baddichaur rangepost and Mr. Shiv Narayan Mandal, ranger of Baspani rangepost, Mr. Ichha Bahadur Bhandari, forester of Birendranagar rangepost as invaluable assistance during the period of field study.   I would like to express my sincere thanks to Mr. Milan Govind Vaidya, assistant forest officer of Surkhet during data analysis & map preparation using geographical information system (GIS).    A very special appreciation goes to Mr. Mohan Lal Dhungana, chairperson of Chetana Janjagriti CFUG; Mr. Mani Ram Kandel, chairperson of Bhairum CFUG; Mr. Tilak B.C., deputy chairman of Kundali CFUG; Mrs. Padama Sijapati, chairperson of Thulo Danda Mahila CFUG and Mr. Balaram K.C., chairperson of Ram Janaki CFUG and other CFUG members of study sites for their invaluable assistance during the social survey.  A deep appreciation is extended to my wife Mrs. Nirmala Phulara Thakur for her inspiration, patience, understanding and constructive comments shown during field study as well as final report preparation. …………………………  Ram Bichari Thakur M.Sc. Natural Resource Management Roll no. 10100MNN The Energy and Resource Institute (TERI) University, 10, Institutional Area, Vasantkunj, New Delhi, India
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