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State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture -FAO

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State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture -FAO 2016
  CONTRIBUTING TO FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION FOR ALL THE STATE OF WORLDFISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE2016  IN BRIEF  | 2 | CONTENTS This booklet contains the main points of Chapter 1 ( World Review  ) and Chapter 4 ( Outlook  ) of the publication, The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2016.  The numbering of the tables and figures corresponds to this publication. FOREWORD 4WORLD REVIEW 1. Capture fisheries production 8  World fisheries and aquaculture production and utilization TABLE 1  Marine capture production: major producers TABLE 2 2. Aquaculture production 10  World capture fisheries and aquaculture production FIGURE 1  Top 25 producers and main groups of farmed species in 2014 TABLE 9 3. Fishers and fish farmers 12  World fishers and fish farmers by region TABLE 10 4. The status of the fishing fleet 13  Total of fishing fleets by region 2014 (powered and non-powered vessels combined) TABLE 13 COVER PHOTOGRAPHHAI TIEN VILLAGE, VIET NAM.  A beneficiary of an FAO TeleFood project that uses fish cages. ©FAO/Pham Cu  | 3 | 5. The status of fishery resources 14  Marine capture production: major species and genera TABLE 3  Global trends in the state of world marine fish stocks since 1974  FIGURE 13 6. Fish utilization and processing 16  Utilization of world fisheries production (breakdown by quantity) 1962–2014 FIGURE 14 7. Fish trade and commodities 17  Top ten exporters and importers of fish and fishery products TABLE 15  Shares of main groups of species in world trade, 2013 TABLE 16 8. Fish consumption 18  Relative contribution of aquaculture and capture fisheries to fish for human consumption  FIGURE 29  OUTLOOK TO 2025 9. Production 20  Global fish prices in nominal and real terms to 2025 FIGURE 34  Relative shares of aquaculture and capture fisheries in production and consumption FIGURE 38 10. Prices 21 11. Consumption 22 12. Trade 22 13. Main uncertainties 23 THE STATE OF WORLD FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE 2016   IN BRIEF  | 4 | F isheries and aquaculture remain important sources of food, nutrition, income and livelihoods for hundreds of millions of people around the world. World  per capita  fish supply reached a new record high of 20 kg in 2014, thanks to vigorous growth in aquaculture, which now provides half of all fish for human consumption, and to a slight improvement in the state of certain fish stocks due to improved fisheries management. Moreover, fish continues to be one of the most-traded food commodities  worldwide with more than half of fish exports by value srcinating in developing countries. Recent reports by high-level experts, international organizations, industry and civil society representatives all highlight the tremendous potential of the oceans and inland waters now, and even more so in the future, to contribute significantly to food security and adequate nutrition for a global population expected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050.It is in this context and with this high expectation that the 2016 edition of The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture is being launched. Several recent major international developments will further strengthen its key function as a provider of informed, balanced and comprehensive analysis of global fisheries and aquaculture data and related issues.First, the second International Conference on Nutrition  (ICN2), held in Rome in November 2014, adopted the  Rome Declaration  and the  Framework  for Action  , whereby world leaders renewed their commitments to establish and implement policies aimed at eradicating malnutrition and transforming food systems to make nutritious diets available to all. The conference confirmed the importance of fish and seafood as a source of nutrition and health for many coastal communities that depend on their proteins and essential micronutrients, in particular for women of child-bearing age and young children. It stressed the unique window of opportunity that fisheries and aquaculture can provide for ICN2 follow-up towards achieving FOREWORD
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