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PDF generated: 23 Nov 2017, 15:27 constituteproject.org Russian Federation's Constitution of 1993 with Amendments through 2014 This complete constitution has been generated from excerpts of texts from the repository of the Comparative Constitutions Project, and distributed on constituteproject.org. constituteproject.org
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  PDF generated: 23 Nov 2017, 15:27 This complete constitution has been generated from excerpts of texts from the repository of theComparative Constitutions Project, and distributed on constituteproject.org . constituteproject.org Russian Federation'sConstitution of 1993 withAmendments through 2014  constituteproject.org PDF generated: 23 Nov 2017, 15:27 Page 2Russian Federation 1993 (rev. 2014) Table of contents  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Preamble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3SECTION ONE  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3CHAPTER 1: THE BASIS OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6CHAPTER 2: HUMAN AND CIVIL RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14CHAPTER 3: THE FEDERAL STRUCTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20CHAPTER 4: THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25CHAPTER 5: THE FEDERAL ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30CHAPTER 6: THE GOVERNMENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32CHAPTER 7: JUDICIAL AUTHORITY AND PUBLIC PROSECUTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35CHAPTER 8: LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT . . 36CHAPTER 9: CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISION OF THE CONSTITUTION  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37SECTION TWO: Concluding and interim provisions  constituteproject.org PDF generated: 23 Nov 2017, 15:27 Page 3Russian Federation 1993 (rev. 2014) Preamble ã Source of constitutional authority ã Motives for writing constitution We, the multinational people of the Russian Federation,united by a common fate on our land,establishing human rights and freedoms, civil peace and accord,preserving the historically established State unity,proceeding from universally acknowledged principles of equality andself-determination of peoples,revering the memory of ancestors who have passed on to us their love for theFatherland and faith in good and justice,reviving the sovereign statehood of Russia and asserting the firmness of itsdemocratic basis,striving to ensure the well-being and prosperity of Russia,proceeding from the responsibility for our Fatherland before present and futuregenerations,recognizing ourselves to be a part of the world community,do hereby adopt THE CONSTITUTION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION. SECTION ONE CHAPTER 1: THE BASIS OF THE CONSTITUTIONALSYSTEMArticle 1 1. The Russian Federation - Russia is a democratic federative law-governed statewith a republican form of government. ã Type of government envisioned 2. The names Russian Federation and Russia are equivalent. Article 2 Man, his rights and freedoms shall be the supreme value. The recognition,observance and protection of human and civil rights and freedoms shall be anobligation of the State. Article 3 1. The bearer of sovereignty and the sole source of power in the RussianFederation shall be its multinational people. 2. The people shall exercise its power directly, as well as through Stategovernment bodies and local self-government bodies. 3. The supreme direct expression of the power of the people shall be referendumand free elections. ã Referenda 4. Nobody may usurp power in the Russian Federation. The seizure of power orusurpation of State authority shall be prosecuted under federal law.  constituteproject.org PDF generated: 23 Nov 2017, 15:27 Page 4Russian Federation 1993 (rev. 2014) Article 4 1. The sovereignty of the Russian Federation shall extend to the entirety of itsterritory. 2. The Constitution of the Russian Federation and federal laws shall havesupremacy on the entire territory of the Russian Federation. 3. The Russian Federation shall ensure the integrity and inviolability of itsterritory. Article 5 1. The Russian Federation shall consist of republics, krays, oblasts, cities of federalsignificance, an autonomous oblast and autonomous okrugs, which shall haveequal rights as constituent entities of the Russian Federation. 2. A republic (state) shall have its own constitution and legislation. A kray, oblast,city of federal significance, autonomous oblast and autonomous okrug shall haveits own charter and legislation. 3. The federal structure of the Russian Federation shall be based on its Stateintegrity, the unity of the system of State power, the division of matters ofauthority and powers between State government bodies of the RussianFederation and State government bodies of constituent entities of the RussianFederation, the equality and self-determination of peoples in the RussianFederation. ã Right to self determination 4. All constituent entities of the Russian Federation shall be equal with oneanother in relations with federal State government bodies. Article 6 1. Citizenship of the Russian Federation shall be acquired and terminated inaccordance with federal law, and shall be one and equal, irrespective of thegrounds on which it is acquired. ã Requirements for birthright citizenship 2. Every citizen of the Russian Federation shall enjoy all rights and freedoms on itsterritory and shall bear equal responsibilities as envisaged in the Constitution ofthe Russian Federation. 3. A citizen of the Russian Federation may not be deprived of his (her) citizenshipor of the right to change it. ã Right to renounce citizenship ã Conditions for revoking citizenship Article 7 1. The Russian Federation shall be a social state whose policy is aimed at creatingconditions ensuring a worthy life and a free development of Man. 2. In the Russian Federation the labour and health of people shall be protected, aguaranteed minimum wage shall be established, State support shall be providedfor the family, maternity, fatherhood and childhood, to the disabled and toelderly citizens, the system of social services shall be developed and Statepensions, allowances and other social security guarantees shall be established. Article 8 1. In the Russian Federation the integrity of economic space, free flow of goods,services and financial resources, support of competition, and the freedom ofeconomic activity shall be guaranteed. 2. In the Russian Federation private, State, municipal and other forms of propertyshall be recognized and shall be protected on an equal basis.
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