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Quiet Complications: Masculinity in Contemporary Inuit Art

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Quiet Complications: Masculinity in Contemporary Inuit Art
    18 th Inuit Studies Conference  A rctic | i nuit | c onnections “Learning from the Top of the World” W  Ashington D.c. o ctober  24 th - 28 th 2012   18 th Inuit Studies Conference Program   | 1   T  able   of   C onTenTs Welcome 2  Assistant Secretary of Science, Smithsonian Institution 2  Director, National Museum of the American Indian 2  Chair, Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History 3 Director, Anthropology Collections & Archives Program 3 Inuit Studies Conference 5 Conference Advisory Board 4 ISC Committee 6 Plenary Speakers 8 Schedule-at-a-Glance 10 Film Program 20 Film Schedule 20 Film Summaries 22  Film Session Abstracts 25 Interactive Webcast 29 Interactive Webcast Overview 29 Interactive Webcast Schedule 29 Conference Themes 31 Sessions and Speakers 33 Paper Abstracts 53 Exhibitions 155 Collections 157  About Washington DC 160 Performances 163 Indices 164 Acknowledgments 174 DC Area Map 175 = P  arTners s Ponsors ** We are grateful to the Embassy of the Russian Federation for its generous support that covered the printing of the conference program. The Embassy of the Russian FederationInuvialuit Regional CorporationThe Oak FoundationRecovering Voices, NMNHKipling GalleryHerb and Cece Screiber FoundationVenture Metal Works IncGeorge Kriarakis & Associates Ltd. 18 th Inuit Studies Conference Program   |   1   Program designed by Rachael MarrCover Image Credits Helen Kalvak, Fishing, 1975, Paper/Ink, Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution (26/7189)Tivi Paningina, Inuk Stalking a Polar Bear  , 1974, Paper/Ink, Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution (26/7185)Mona Ohoveluk Kuneyuna, Stealing, 1975, Paper/Ink, Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution (26/7184)Thomassie Echaluk, Hunter Attaching Bait  , 1974, Paper/Ink, Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution (26/7191)Unknown, Dr. Lionel Solursh (Donor), Print, 1973, Paper/Ink, Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution (26/7188 Smithsonian Institution  2  | 18 th Inuit Studies Conference Program 18 th Inuit Studies Conference Program   | 3   W elcome   from   the U nder S ecretary   of S cience , S mithSonian i nStitUtion Welcome to Washington, to the U.S. National Mall, to the Smithsonian Institution and to the 18th Inuit Studies Conference—the rst ever to be convened in the Lower ’48! We have planned an exciting and diverse program under the theme: “Learning From the Top of the World.”As you are aware, this meeting is being held at a time when the world is undergoing profoundchanges in climate, biodiversity, and life systems, and these shifts are having major impacts on the world’s political, economic, social, and cultural life. These changing conditions and their interrelationships are the grist that will be considered from an Arctic perspective by ahost of specialists over the course of four days from 24-28 October. Central to the programwill be daily plenary sessions featuring leading researchers and Inuit leaders, a conference  banquet, and a closing panel reviewing ndings and road-maps for the future. In addition to scholarly symposia, lectures, and presentations, ISC-18 attendees will experience Arctic exhibitions; tour collection, conservation, and education facilities; take part in a lm festival and performing arts programs; and consult with government agencies, foundations, and NGOs. Interactive media will bring many conference activities directly to northern communities. The Arctic Studies Center has engaged a wide sectorof Smithsonian institutions and staff in ISC-18. On behalf of the entire Smithsonian family and our conference partners we invite you to be part of the Smithsonian’s core mission: “the increase and diffusion of knowledge” –and in this case, Imean Arctic and Inuit knowledge!   W elcome   from   the d irector   of   the n ational m USeUm   of   the a merican i ndian Dear ISC Conference-goers,It is my great pleasure to welcome the Inuit Studies Conference to the National Museum of theAmerican Indian. Inuit feature strongly in our collections, exhibitions, and public programs,and the opportunity to co-host people and their creations this prestigious conference withso many Inuit participants has been warmly embraced by our staff. In addition to attendingthe opening festivities and scholarly sessions in our museum, please take some time tovisit the special exhibition, “Arctic Voyages / Ancient Memories: the Sculpture of AbrahamAnghik Ruben,” which we have mounted to coincide with your conference. Not only is theexhibition a spectacular demonstration of the creativity of modern Inuit artists; it highlightsnew discoveries about Inuit connections with other peoples and cultures, topics which will be explored in depth during your meetings here. Welcome all! And remind your friends to explore the NMAI on their next trip to Washington, D.C. W elcome   from c hair , d epartment   of a nthropology It is a great pleasure to welcome you to the 18th biennial Inuit Studies Conference and to theSmithsonian Institution. For over three decades the Inuit Studies Conference has served asan important international forum for engaged and meaningful dialogue between northern communities and scholars. This year’s conference program and its theme, “Inuit/Arctic Connections: Learning from the Top of the World” promises to continue this longstandingtradition. I wish you all a very successful and productive conference. W elcome   from   the d irector , a nthropology c ollectionS & a rchiveS p rogram Greetings Colleagues,On behalf of my staff and colleagues in the Anthropology Collections and Archives Program (CAP) at the Smithsonian’s Museum Support Center, it is my pleasure to welcome you to the 18th Inuit Studies Conference. We look forward to providing you access to one of the richestand most varied collections of northern anthropological materials assembled anywhere in the world. As many of you know, some of the Smithsonian’s oldest and most systematic ethnological and archaeological collections are the product of research in Alaska, Canadaand Greenland. This includes important mid- to late-nineteenth century artifact collectionsmade by Edward Nelson, Roderick MacFarlane, and Lucien Turner, among many others. These collections are joined by an array of rich cultural, linguistic, photograph, lm, and artwork materials held in the National Anthropological Archives and the Human Studies FilmArchives. There researchers can access language materials by ethnographers such as Fredericade Laguna, photographs by Henry Collins and Edward S. Curtis, watercolors of Inuit lifescenes by Henry Wood Elliott, and historic moving Inuit life by William van Valin (1919) andFather Bernard Hubbard (1938-42). I trust we will learn from each other as you engage ourcollections during the conference period or in future research visits. E va J. P Ell   Under Secretary of ScienceSmithsonian Institution M ary J o a rnoldi   Chair, Department of Anthropology K Evin G ovEr   Director,   National Museumof the American Indian  J aKE H oMiaK   Director, AnthropologyCollections & ArchivesProgram Department of Anthropology, NMNHSmithsonian MuseumSupport Center    W  e   l  c  o  m  e  W el   c  om e  4 | 18 th Inuit Studies Conference Program 18 th Inuit Studies Conference Program   | 5   Conference Advisory Board Aqqaluk Lynge is the Chair of the Inuit Circumpolar Council, Greenland since 2006. Mr. Lynge graduated fromthe National Danish School of Social Work in 1976. He has promoted the rights of Indigenous Peoples bothin his home country of Greenland and globally since his youth. He has demonstrated a deep commitment topan-Inuit unity since the early 1970s and, before becoming ICC President in 1997, he served as a continuous member of the ICC Executive Council since 1980. Mr. Lynge was rst elected to the Greenland Parliament in 1983 and has served both as a Member of Parliament and as a Minister of various portfolios. Mr. Lynge iswidely published, having written books of poetry, essays and politics and has contributed to several works andanthologies written in the English, Greenlandic, French and Nordic languages. Willie Hensley  , retired, was the Manager of Federal Government Relations for Alyeska Pipeline ServiceCompany. Mr. Hensley was born in Kotzebue, a small community in Northwest Alaska about 40 miles above the Arctic Circle. His family lived on the Noatak River delta and lived by hunting, shing and trapping. Hensley was a founder of NANA Regional Corporation, served as a director for 20 yearsand concluded his career there as President. Hensley graduated from George Washington University in Washington, D. C. with a bachelor’s degree in Political Science and a minor in Economics. Hensley was elected to the Alaska State House of Representatives and then to the Senate for a four-year term. Nancy Karetak-Lindell of Arviat, Nunavut, is the Former Canadian Member of Parliament for Nunavutwhere she served four consecutive terms from 1997 to 2008. During her term she she sat on the AbsrcinalAffairs, Northern Development and Natural Resources Committee as Vice-Chair and Chair. She served onother Committees with special relevance to the North including Fisheries and Oceans and Environmentand Sustainable Development. She also served on the Child Custody and Access, Canadian Heritage,and Status of Women Committees. She is now the Director of the Arctic Voices Fellowships of the Walterand Duncan Gordon Foundation. Vera Kingeekuk Metcalf was born in the Yupik community of Savoonga (Sivungaq) on St. LawrenceIsland, Alaska. Vera Metcalf continues to work in the support of Native Alaskan cultural heritage,ecological knowledge, and indigenous languages. She is Director of the Eskimo Walrus Commission(EWC) in Nome, Alaska; is a member of the Inuit Circumpolar Council Alaska and its ExecutiveCommittee and is a former commissioner for the US Arctic Research Commission. About the Inuit Studies Conference The Inuit Studies Conferences (ISC) began in 1978 in Quebec City when members of the Inuksiutiit Katijamiit Association,founded at Laval University, invited scholars to share their research on topics ranging from linguistics to social andeconomic development to archaeology and cultural heritage concerning Inuit. Since then the ISC meeting has met everytwo years in different cities worldwide.The 18th ISC is hosted by the Arctic Studies Center at the Smithsonian Institution in WAshington, DC. For more than160 years, The Smithsonian Institution has contributed to northern studies through research and collecting northernmaterials, with an emphasis on exhibitions, publications, and public education. Proximity to government, foundations, andinternational agencies, makes the historic district of Washington, DC an ideal location for the 18th Inuit Studies Conference.The biennial Inuit Studies Conference serves the critical function of drawing together scholars and Inuit representatives to share research results in the elds of archaeology, anthropology, linguistics, political governance, environmental science, health, education, and culture. Historic Locations of the ISC Université du Québec Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Val d’Or, Québec, Canada (2010)St. John’s College, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada (2008) National Institute of Oriental Languages and Civilizations, Paris, France (2006)The Arctic Institute of North America, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada (2004)Department of Alaska Native and Rural Development, Anchorage, Alaska, USA (2002)University of Aberdeen, Scotland (2000) Ilisimatusark, University of Greenland, Greenland (1998)Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada (1996) Arctic College, Nunatta Campus, Iqaluit, Northwest Territories, Canada (1994)Université Laval, Québec, Canada (1992)University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, USA (1990)University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (1988)McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada (1986)Concordia University, Montréal, Canada (1984)University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada (1982)Université Laval, Québec, Canada (1980)Université Laval, Québec, Canada (1978) 17th ISC   16th ISC   15th ISC   14th ISC13th ISC   12th ISC   11th ISC   10th ISC   9th ISC   8th ISC   7th ISC   6th ISC   5th ISC   4th ISC   3rd ISC   2nd ISC   1st ISC    W  e   l  c  o  m  e  W el   c  om e  6 | 18 th Inuit Studies Conference Program 18 th Inuit Studies Conference Program   |  7    18th Inuit Studies Conference Committee m eSSage   from   the 18 th i nUit S tUdieS c onference p rogram c ommittee Dear ISC Conference-goers, Welcome to Washington and to the Smithsonian Institution! The Program Committee is immenselypleased to have you here on the Nation’s Mall to participated in the 18th biennial Inuit StudiesConference. We hope you will nd the meeting both productive and memorable—not only because of the conference sessions, speakers, and scholarly activities but because of the rich cultural and historical resources of the Smithsonian Institution and Washington D.C. You will nd conference venues in various places around the Mall: in our conference headquarters in the S. Dillon RipleyCenter entered through the kiosk next to the Smithsonian Metro stop, at the National Museum of Natural History, the National Museum of the American Indian, and the Woodrow Wilson center for Scholars. In addition to conference proceedings, you will nd special Inuit-themed exhibitions, collection tours, a banquet, and a film festival. Special efforts have been made to extend the conference’s “Learning from the top of the world” to the wider public and to communities in theNorth via networking and social media. Don’t be surprised if you nd yourself in front of a camera! Please use the timearound the edges of the formal sessions to explore the Smithsonian’s museums and exhibitions, to share your knowledgewith our visitors, and to meet museum scholars and staff. Enjoy! William Fitzhugh, Chair, ISC Planning Committee , directs the Smithsonian’s Arctic Studies Center and curates northern archaeological collections in the Department of Anthropology. His research ranges across the circumpolarregion. He has curated exhibitions on a variety of northern subjects (Crossroads, Ainu, Vikings, Old Bering Sea art)and currently in engaged in research on studies of climate change, rock art and archaeology in the Mongolian Altai,and 16/17th century Basque/Inuit relations in the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence. Judith Burch  , Curator of Culture on Cloth and Inuit Images: Prints from the Canadian Arctic, is a ResearchCollaborator at the Arctic Studies Center in the National Museum of Natural History and honorary boardmember of Nunavut Arts and Crafts Association (NACA). Most recently, as Inuit art specialist, Judithhas curated the show “Cultures on Cloth,” a collection of tapestries by Baker Lake artists. The exhibit hastraveled to more than 14 countries and its catalog has been translated in 12 languages.  Bernadette Driscoll Engelstad, Curator of Arctic Journeys, Ancient Memories: The Sculpture of Anghik Abraham Ruben and From Kinngait to Ulukhaktok: The Artist as Cultural Historian , holds an MA inCanadian Studies (Carleton University, Ottawa) and in Anthropology (Johns Hopkins University). As anindependent curator, she has worked with Inuit artists and seamstresses in communities across the CanadianArctic, has organized numerous museum exhibitions, and published on contemporary Inuit art, clothing design and women’s cultural production. Joan Gero  , Chair of the ISC Volunteer Committee  ,   is Professor Emerita of Anthropology from AmericanUniversity and a Research Fellow in the Department of Anthropology in the Museum of Natural History atthe Smithsonian. She has taught at the universities of Cambridge, Uppsala (Sweden), Catamarca (Argentina),Magdalena (Colombia) and the University of South Carolina. She has conducted archaeological excavationsin the Andes (Peru and Argentina) since 1985 with grants from the NEH, NSF Fulbright, the Wenner-GrenFoundation and the Heintz Foundation. In 2003, she served as Academic Secretary of the Fifth World Archaeological Congress. In addition to her Andean research she has published widely in the elds of gender in prehistory and the philosophy and practice of archaeology. W illiaM F itzHuGH   Director, Arctic StudiesCenter, SmithsonianInstitution Douglas Herman,   ISC Commitee NMAI Representative, is Senior Geographer for the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian. He is the creator of Pacic Worlds, a web-based indigenous-geography project for Hawai‘i and the Pacic, focusing on place-based cultural understandings. His work  has focused on the representation of Indigenous cultures and the importance of Indigenous knowledge. Igor Krupnik, ISC Program Chair is Curator of Arctic and Northern Ethnology at the NMNH Departmentof Anthropology. His area of expertise includes cultural heritage and ecological knowledge of the people of theArctic; contact history; and the impact of modern climate change on Arctic residents, their use of polar landand sea. Stephen Loring, ISC Film Program and Festival Chair,   is Museum Anthropologist and Arctic Archaeologist,National Museum of Natural History and Arctic Studies Center staff. Stephen has conducted archaeologicaland ethnohistorical research in northern New England, northern Alaska, the Aleutian Islands, and Quebec- Labrador. Stephen helps curate the Anthropology Department’s Arctic and Sub Arctic collections and has been instrumental in developing community archaeology and heritage programs with Inuit and Innu communities. Lauren Marr is the Conference Manager for the Inuit Studies Conference. She came to the Arctic StudiesCenter (ASC) as a Research Assistant in October of 2009. During her time at the ASC, she has helpedcoordinate a number of public events including the opening of the exhibition, “Yuungnaqpiallerput (The Way We Genuinely Live): Masterworks of Yup’ik Science and Survival” in 2010. She holds twoBachelors’ degrees from the University of Maryland, College Park. Currently she is pursuing her Masters in Anthropology from Catholic University in Washington, D.C. Laura Fleming is the Conference Coordinator for the ISC and the Research Assistant for the Arctic StudiesCenter (ASC). Laura has been with the ASC since October 2011. She has had an interest in the interactionsof northern peoples and their environments since completing her graduate work in Nunatsiavut, Canada in2008. Laura has since worked with the Global Environmental Change Group at the University of Guelph,Ontario, Canada, on International Polar Year and ArcticNet projects and was also a participant at the 17th ISC in Val d’Or, Quebec.    W  e   l  c  o  m  e  W el   c  om e
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