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Running head: SIGNATURE ASSIGNMENT 1 PPE 310 Signature Assignment Madison Maietta and Jessica Litavecz Arizona State University Mr. Gerbic PPE 310 November 17, 2017 SIGNATURE ASSIGNMENT
  Running head: SIGNATURE ASSIGNMENT 1 PPE 310 Signature Assignment Madison Maietta and Jessica Litavecz Arizona State University Mr. Gerbic PPE 310  November 17, 2017  SIGNATURE ASSIGNMENT 2 Introduction:  Children spend several hours a day in school, and with this being said, eat several meals and snacks during this time. Unfortunately, the options provided for young school children has  become a growing concern with the increase of childhood obesity in the Unites States coupled with additional health concerns such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Furthermore, unhealthy nutrients such as foods high in fats and sugar negatively impact the academic performance of children and have shown to create more tension and aggression within these specific individuals. Moreover, it is critical to assess student or parent packed lunches as well to ensure that the population of students who do not buy from the cafeteria are included as well. Our business plan will target on the well-being of our student body population and focuses on raising awareness about the importance of eating healthy and knowing how to make nutrient dense choices both inside and outside of the school’s cafeteria. This plan also includes the goal to better educate parents on how to provide healthier food choices at home for students who  bring their lunch to school. Link to e-portfolio: madisonmaiettaportfolio.weebly.com Review of Current Literature:  Current research and studies have highlighted the need for heathier options in school cafeterias, as well as the need to raise awareness regarding to nutrient dense meals to pack in lunchboxes. The article titled The Impact of School Lunch on Student Performance highlights a study conducted in 2008 which discovered that “   fifth-graders eating fast food scored worse on standardized literary assessments. A follow-up study of fifth-graders published in The Journal of  Educational Research  in 2012 linked eating fast food to declining mat h and reading scores” (Campbellsville University Education Department, 2016). This same article credits a direct  SIGNATURE ASSIGNMENT 3 correlation between student behavior and nutrition, citing that “proper nutrition can help students maintain psychosocial well-being and reduce aggression which can have a positive effect on students by avoiding disc ipline and school suspension” ( Campbellsville University Education Department, 2016). The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) found that deficits in nutrients such as B vitamins, Omega 3 and Zinc have been linked to affecting the cognitive development in school children (United States Department of Agriculture, 2017). Furthermore, high quantities of saturated and trans fats also negatively impacted cognition. On the other hand, the  NSLP found that good nutrition decreases aggression and bad behavior which helps students avoid increased discipline in school (United States Department of Agriculture, 2017). In relation to the idea of certain food consumption affecting the performance of students is a study conducted by Florence who found that diet quality and academic performance, specifically the results of standardized tests, is hindered by poor diet control. In his study, “multilevel regression methods were used to assess overall diet quality and academic performance while adjusting for gender and socioeconomic characteristics of parents and residential neighborhoods” (Florence, 2008). The results provided sufficient evidence showing that students who lacked specific dietary requirements were more likely to perform poorly compared to those with sufficient nutrients. Both Florence the NSLP and an article by Cluss titled  Effect of Food Service Nutrition  Improvements on Elementary School Cafeteria Lunch Purchase Patterns,  highlight the need for schools to invest in more effective and appropriate food programs and offer heathier choices to students in order to increase student performance. Furthermore, the study conducted by Cluss found that elementary school children purchased heathier cafeteria options when they were offered and when less nutrient dense options were removed (2014). Although the urgency for healthier cafeteria options were highlighted in all of the above studies, one study which  SIGNATURE ASSIGNMENT 4 compared the nutritional values between school bought lunches versus packed lunches found that cafeteria options actually provided more nutrients compared to what students brought to school in their lunchboxes. This one study however, only assessed 3 schools within the Montgomery and Giles area of Virginia and targeted the specific age group of Pre-K students. The results of the study were as follows: school lunches had fewer calories then packed lunches (512 vs 608), more protein (26g vs 18g), less fat (13g vs 21g) and more fiber (7.2g vs 4.8 g), however school lunches exceeded the dietary recommendation for consumption of sodium compared to packed lunches (King, 2014).  Synthesis of Current Literature:  The four articles discussed in detail the effects cafeteria bought lunches versus packed lunches has on students based on the nutrients they are consuming. In conclusion, all studies talked about how healthier lunches need to be provided for the students, regardless if they are  purchased from the cafeteria or brought from home. Simple interventions were discussed in all articles to help students make heathier choices when buying lunches. Slicing fruit instead of serving it whole proved more popular and giving food fun names made these options more attractive to young students. The article titled The Impact of School Lunch on Student  Performance and the article by Cluss both highlight a very critical point which stated that   children purchased healthier cafeteria options when they were offered, and when less nutrient dense options were removed. All the articles were similar with the general idea of students  performing better in school when they consumed more nutrient dense food. The article titled  Is School Lunch Better Than Packed Lunch?  points out that children who bring packed lunches to school are not eating the right amount of food and the foods they are consuming are high in sodium and trans-fats, compared to the food being served at school. These articles help our
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