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nathaniel whiteley - biographical research -thurgood marshall

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Biographical​ ​Research​ ​-​ ​Thurgood​ ​Marshall Lifespan:​ ​July​ ​2,​ ​1908​ ​–​ ​January​ ​24,​ ​1993 Early​ ​Family​ ​Background​ ​and​ ​Created​ ​Family​ ​Structure Marshall​ ​was​ ​born​ ​in​ ​Baltimore​ ​Maryland​ ​on​ ​July​ ​second​ ​1908.​ ​His​ ​great​ ​grandfather had​ ​been​ ​transported​ ​to​ ​the​ ​united​ ​states​ ​as​ ​a​ ​slave,​ ​while​ ​his​ ​paternal​ ​grandfather​ ​was also​ ​enslaved.​ ​His​ ​father​ ​was​ ​William​ ​Marshall​ ​and​ ​his​ ​mother​ ​was​
  Biographical Research -   Thurgood Marshall  Lifespan: July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993 Early Family   Background and Created Family   Structure Marshall   was   born   in Baltimore Maryland   on   July   second   1908. His great   grandfather had   been   transported   to   the   united   states   as   a   slave, while his paternal   grandfather    was also   enslaved. His father    was William Marshall   and   his mother was   Norma marshall.   His father    worked   as   a   railroad   porter    and his   mother    was a teacher.   Together they   gave him   a strong appreciation for    the   United   States   Constitution   and the rule of    law. This structured   his life and   the   fact it started early   really   affected   him   later    on.   He   attended Frederick   Douglass   High   School   in Baltimore and   was in the   advanced   class   with the best   students.   He   ended   up graduating a year    early   and had   a   B average. He   applied to Lincoln   University and wanted   to   become a   lawyer.   He   led a shaky college   life,   as   he was   suspended twice   once for hazing   and   another time for    pranks   against   fellow students.   Sometime   in   college he joined   the   debate   team   and quickly   became the   star. He was   a   hard worker in   college,   and got   himself    into   Howard University School   of    Law, where   his   hard work   paid   off as he caught   the   eye of    the   dean. He   graduated   first   in   his class   in 1933. Major    Career/Professional Events   and Accomplishments  After    graduating college he   began   his   professional   career as   a   lawyer.   He   started a private   law practice in Baltimore   and also began   his   25 year    affiliation   with the NAACP. In   1936   he   became   part of    the   national staff as   he   represented   the   NAACP in   Murray   v. Pearson.   Marshall represented Murray,   a   black Amherst   college graduate who was denied   from   the   University   of    Maryland   law school   because   of    the   segregation   policy. He won the case   using   the   fact   maryland's segregation policy   violated   the   separate but equal   doctrine.    At   The age of    32,   he   won a U.S. Supreme Court   case, Chambers v. Florida.   He also   helped found the   NAACP Legal   Defense   and Educational   Fund. Through   his   career he argued   many   civil rights   cases before the Supreme court.   He   was very   successful   in   his cases. His most   famous   case   was   Brown v.   Board of    Education. He won the case   by   arguing   even   in public education separate   but   equal   could   not   apply  because   it would   never    truly   be equal.   He won. He   seemed   to   win a lot,   winning 29   out of    the 32   cases   he stood in   front   of    the   Supreme   Court. In   1961   he was chosen   by John F.   Kennedy   to   the   United   States   Court   of     Appeals for    the   Second Circuit.   Later, President   Lyndon   Johnson   appointed   him   the   United   States   Solicitor    General,   he   was the   first    African    American to   hold   the   office.   This   made   him   also become the   highest ranking   black   government   official ever. On    june   13th 1967   President   Johnson nominated   him   to   the   Supreme Court. He   was confirmed   on august 30th   1967, being the   first   african   american   to   hold   this spot. Personal   Life Themes/Beliefs He was   an   extremely   hard   working man.   We not   only graduated   high   school   a   year early   but   he   also graduated   first in his   class   from   Howard Law school. All of    this   was because   he   was a hard working man   and   knew how   to   get   things done. He   was also a man   of    morals.   To   be   a   lawyer you have   to   discern   right   from   wrong   and argue against what's   wrong. He was   able   to   do this   to   the best of    his ability. He   stood strong   in the face   of    segregation and   racism and fought   for his rights.   He was a   trailblazer,   he   was the   first    African    American to   do a lot of    things, like holding a Supreme Court   Justice title.  All of    these   values   were instilled to   him   by   his parents.   Without   them he   would   be   a different   person   as   they   really   did make   him   who he   became. Selected Quotations “None   of    us   got   where   we are   solely   by   pulling ourselves up   by   our    bootstraps.   We got here   because   somebody - a   parent,   a teacher,   an Ivy League   crony   or a few nuns -   bent down   and helped us pick up   our    boots.” “Ending   racial   discrimination   in    jury   selection   can   be accomplished only   by   eliminating peremptory   challenges   entirely.” “Sometimes history   takes   things into   its   own   hands.” Death   and Aftermath   and lasting   impact Marshall   died   of    heart   failure on January   24   1993   at   the   age   of    84.   He   left   all of    his personal   papers   and notes to   the Library   of    Congress.   Many   of    these   documents   were  made   public.There   are   many   memorials   to   him, remembering the   man   he   was.   He   will be   remembered as a civil rights   advocate   who paved   the   what   for    many   black people as he   was   the first to   do many   things. He played   a   key   role   to   get segregation ended, especially   in schools.   He was a   very   smart   and well   respected man   who many   liked, and   will be remembered for    his   efforts   to   make    America   a   less   segregated   place.   He fought   for    what he   deserved,   equality   in all aspects   of    life,   and ended up making   a   huge impact   on   the   country.  Awards   and Recognition -1940-   Wins   Chambers   v. Florida,   the   first   of    twenty-nine Supreme Court victories. -1946-   Spingarn medal from   the NAACP -1954 -Wins Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka -1961 -Appointed circuit judge -1965 -Appointed United States Solicitor General by President Lyndon B. Johnson; -1967 -Becomes the first African American named to U.S. Supreme Court -1991- Receives the freedom medal -1992- U.S senator John Heinz award for greatest public service by an elected or appointed official -1992- Liberty medal -1993- Presidential Medal of Freedom from Bill Clinton
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