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n a m - n a r and nārūtu(m): identical or different? Some reflections about two words related to Music in Ancient Mesopotamia

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Acccording to several authors, the Akkadian nārūtu(m) would be the equivalent of Sumerian n a m - n a r («Music», «office of n a r - singer/musician»…), the nearest term to our current concept of «Music» in Sumerian language. However, there is no
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  N A M - N A R AND  NRTU  (  M  ): IDENTICAL OR DIFFERENT? SOME REFLECTIONS ABOUT TWO WORDS RELATED TO MUSIC IN ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA   Daniel Sánchez Muñoz Department of History and Sciences of Music (UGR) Scholarship Researcher FPU (FPU14/00927) Wednesday 20 th  September 2017 DOT 33 Jena 2017 Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Room SR 324  INTRODUCTION: A REAL EQUIVALENCE?    THE CURRENT CONSENSUS • Acccording to several authors, the Akkadian nārūtu ( m ) would be the equivalent of Sumerian n a m - n a r («Music», «office of n a r - singer/musician» … ), the nearest term  to our current concept  of «Music» in Sumerian language →  Two examples « There is no word that can be glossed as ‘music’   in either the Sumerian or Akkadian language, and the one lexical item that comes close, namnar = nartu  , refers to the  practical knowledge of playing, singing, and performing, and does not denote the abstract notion of ‘  music. ’    »   Michalowski ICONEA 2008, 118 «  Le terme utilisé pour «musique» était «l’art   du chant»,  narûtu en akkadien ou nam.nar  en sumérien ».   Ziegler 2012, 30 n. 9  MUSICAL EQUIVALENCES IN TEXTS • a 2  - l a 2 =  alû (type of drum) l u 2 k u š   a 2  - l a 2  ša    a - li -[ e ]  (Lu-Azlag B-C, 247) • g a l a =  kalû (  m ) (Singer - lamentation priest) g a l a g a - l a LU 2 . UŠ . KU    ka-lu-u (Syllabary B (Sb) 2, 323) • b a l a ĝ =  balaggu (  m ) (Drum or harp (?) and lament composition) [  i š g u r 2 b a l a ĝ ] MIN  <( kippat  )>   b a ?  - l a g -   g i  (Ura 6, o i 2’ ) Examples of these equivalences referred to instruments, musicians and compositions  n a m - e n - n a   n a m - g a l a   n a m - l u 2 - t u r   n a m - d u b - s a r   n a m - n a r   n a m - a b - b a   Proto-Izi 1, o iv 7'-12' None Sumero-Akkadian lexical equivalences n i    2 - m e -   a r ri-  ša -a- [ tum ]  jubilation = jubilation n i    2 - m e -   a r qu ₃ -la-tum  silence = discredit (?) / silence (?)   n i ĝ   2 - m u 2 - m u 2   na-ru- [  tum ?]  «thing which always reborns» (?) = Mus[ic(?)] Nigga = makkru , 73-75 Equivalences with other realities
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