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Lokayata Vol. VII , No.2 ( September 2017)

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Released in November 30, 2017
Transcript 1 Lok ā yata Journal of Positive Philosophy ISSN: 2249-8389) Vol. VII 2) September, 2017 Chief Editor: Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal Centre for Positive Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Studies CPPIS) Pehowa Kurukshetra)-136128 Haryana) 2 Lok ā yata: Journal of Positive Philosophy ISSN 2249-8389) Lok  ā  yata: Journal of Positive Philosophy is an online bi-annual interdisciplinary journal of the Center for Positive Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Studies (CPPIS)  . The name Lok  ā  yata can be traced to Kautilya's  Arthashastra  , which refers to three ānvīk  ṣ  ikī  s  (logical philosophies), Yoga, Samkhya and Lok  ā  yata. Lok  ā  yata here still refers to logical debate ( disputatio  , criticism ) in general and not to a materialist doctrine in particular. The objectives of the journal are to encourage new thinking on concepts and theoretical frameworks in the disciplines of humanities and social sciences to disseminate such new ideas and research papers (with strong emphasis on modern implications of philosophy) which have broad relevance in society in general and man’s li fe in particular. The Centre publishes two issues of the  journal every year. Each regular issue of the journal contains full-length papers, discussions and comments, book reviews, information on new books and other relevant academic information. Each issue contains about 100 Pages. © Centre for Positive Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Studies, Pehowa Kurukshetra) Chief-Editor: Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal (Assistant Professor (Philosophy, P.G.Govt. College for Girls, Sector-11, Chandigarh  Associate Editors: Dr. Merina Islam, Dr. Sandhya Gupta Editorial Advisory Board: Prof. K.K. Sharma (Former-Pro-Vice-Chancellor, NEHU, Shillong). Prof. (Dr.) Sohan Raj Tater, Former Vice Chancellor, Singhania University , Rajasthan). Dr. Ranjan Kumar Behera (Patkai Christian College (Autonomous), Nagaland). Dr. Geetesh Nirban (Kamala Nehru College, University of Delhi). Dr. K. Victor Babu (Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam). Dr Rasmita Satapathy (Department of Philosophy, Ramnagar College, West Bengal.) Mr.Pankoj Kanti Sarkar (Department of Philosophy, Debra Thana Sahid Kshudiram Smriti Mahavidyalaya, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal). Declaration: The opinions expressed in the articles of this journal are those of the individual authors, and not necessary of those of CPPIS or the Chief-Editor. 3 In this issue……………..   Title of the Paper & Author Page No. Spirituality in Education: Indian Perspective: V.Prabhu & Bharat Konwar 04-12 Indian Perspective of Ecology: Anu Khanna 13-18 Descartes on the Problem of Other Minds: Kailashkanta Naik 19-32 David Hume: Some Metaethical Reflections: Tarang Kapoor 33-44 A Critical Relation between Mind and Logic in the Philosophy of Wittgenstein: An Analytical Study: Mudasir Ahmad Tantray 45-57 Critical & Postmodernists' Theorists Approaches towards Rationality: Merina Islam 58-63 An Enquiry into the Nature of the Absolute Being as Necessary Existent: A Review after Ibn S  ῑ  nā: Rejina Kabir 64-72 Cognition in Nya    ya - aiesika System: Rajen Lakra   73-81 : 82-87 Analysis of Achievement Motivation among participants of Yoga, Athletics and Aquatics : Anu Sharma & Ramandeep Kaur 88-92 REPORT OF THE PROGRAMME 93-95 CONTRIBUTORS OF THIS ISSUE 96 4 Spirituality in Education: Indian Perspective V.Prabhu & Bharat Konwar Abstract: Formal educational curriculum as practiced in schools in India, is oriented towards making the children as a knowledgeable person (Eapen, 2007). As Bull suggests, the school education is designed in such a way that ultimately helps the kids to realize one or the other principles of education - personal liberty, democracy, equality of opportunity and economic growth (Bull, 2008). There is hardly any attempt to impart elements of spirituality to the children in a formal setup. In this paper we highlight the importance of spiritual education essentially from the Indian perspective and corroborated from the current literature from the western perspective. Through this engagement, we like to argue that spiritual education needs to be imparted through formal education system.  Keywords: spirituality, formal education, curriculum, Spirituality is considered as an important element of human life in promoting internal peace and social harmony. Many a thinkers, spiritual practitioners have emphasized the need of spiritual orientation amongst the humans because it leads to a harmonious life by giving people a meaning to their own existence and their existence in a society (Roger & Dantley, 2001). The present educational system in India is becoming mechanistic and concerned more with the machineries that can transmit the structures, contents and processes of knowledge rather than creating ideological situation that respect the cultural, religious and spiritual heritage of India. The purpose of education in ancient India was to attain three supreme values of life- Truth, Goodness and Beauty. These are like guiding lights of human life and can be achieved through spiritual and moral knowledge (Venkataiah, 2007). It is not only the classical understanding of education, but even the contemporary Indian thinkers like Tagore, Gandhi, Vivekananda, Aurobindo are talking about the importance of spirituality in human life. For these thinkers spirituality is an aspect of human life. Without spiritual knowledge human being cannot attain the highest goal. Rabindranath Tagore understands spirituality in terms of people‘s harmony in feeling and action with all other creatures of the world. Science gives us knowledge and  power, spirituality gives us joy which is the result of union with other. Highest goal in the life can be achieved through the harmonious relationship with other things. Mere intellectual knowledge cannot help people in achieving this end. Spirituality is necessary in maintaining a harmonious relationship among people. Spirituality gives perfectness to the human character. It helps to realize the inseparable relationship among the creatures in the world and leads to a peaceful living through harmony. There is an eternal spirit among all creatures and if people realize this truth then he can live peacefully and harmoniously in the world. He writes, ―When he meets the eternal spirit in all objects, then is he
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