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Initial Environmental Examination Report on Non Timber Forest Products Harvesting & Trade in Achham District of Nepal

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Initial Environmental Examination Report on Non Timber Forest Products Harvesting & Trade in Achham District of Nepal
Transcript
   u}/ sfi7 jg k}bfjf/sf ;sng tyf lgsf;L sfosf]  k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f kltj]bg - cf=j= @)^@÷)^# b]lv cf=j= @)^^÷)^& ;Dd _ k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f ul/Psf khfltx? l/¶f, emofp, ;'uGwjfnsf] h/f / kft, ;t'jf, ljif, u'RrLRofpF, l6d'/, af]emf], nf]Stf, lr/fO{tf], bfnlrgL, ;f]dntf, ;Nnfsf] vf]6f]  k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f ul/Psf If]qx? o; lhNnfsf &% j6} uf=lj=;= sf] ;j} j8fx? / o; cGt/ut kg] { ;j} jg If]qx? kltj]bg k]z ul/g] lgsfo jg ljefu , jj/dxn,sf7df08f}  k|:tfjs lhNnf jg sfof{no , c5fd kltj]bg tof/ ug]  cf/=lj= 7fs'/, /Gh/ z]/ l;x wfdL , lh=j=c= lh=j=sf= , c5fd lh=j=sf= , c5fd cf=j= @)^@ /  )^#  ;f/f+z   - Executive Summary ) of] k|:tfj c5fd lhNnfsf &% j6} uf=lj=;= sf] ;j} j8fx? / o; cGt/ut kg] { ;j}  jg If]qx?df sfof{Gjog ul/g]5 .c5fd lhNnfd kfO{g] k|d'v u}/ sfi7 jg k}bfjf/x?sf]  k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f ul/Psf k|hfltx? l/¶f, emofp, ;'uGwjfnsf] h/f / kft, ;t'jf, ljif, u'RrLRofpF, l6d'/, af]emf], nf]Stf, lr/fO{tf], bfnlrgL, ;f]dntf / ;Nnfsf] vf]6f] x'g\ . k|:tfjsf] p2]Zo c5fd lhNnfdf kfO{g] u}/ sfi7 jg k}bfjf/x?sf] lhNnf jg sfo{ of]hgf , c5fdn] lglb{i6 u/]sf] kl/df0f jdf]lhd ;+sng tyf lgsf;L ug] { /x]sf] 5 / o; k|:tfjsf]  k|:tfjs lhNnf jg sfof{no , c5fd xf] . k|:tfj jdf]lhdsf] u}/ sfi7 jg k}bfjf/x?sf] k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0fsf] nflu lhNnf jg clws[t >L z]/ l;+x wfdLsf] ;+of]hsTjdf ljleGg /]=kf]=sf /]Gh/x? ;lDdlnt Pp6f % ;b:oLo cWoog 6f]nL ul/Psf] lyof] / 6f]nLsf] d'Vo lhDd]jf/L ef}lts, h}ljs, ;fdflhs– cfly{s–;f+:s[lts jftfj/0f;+u ljwdfg tYof+sx? (Baseline Information) ;+sng ug' { /x]sf]  lyof] . pko{ 'Qm tYof+sx?sf] cfwf/df lh=j=c= >L z]/ l;+x wfdL / /]Gh/ cf/=lj= 7fs'/n]  k|:t't k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg tof/ u/]sf] xf] .   k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bgsf] p2]Zo k|:tfj sfof{Gjog ubf{ jftfj/0fdf kg{  ;Sg] ;sf/fTds k|efjx?nfO{ a9fpg] / gsf/fTds k|efjx?nfO{ /f]syfd / Go" gLs/0fsf pkfox? ;'emfpg] .   k|:tfj sfof{Gjog x'g] If]qsf]  Base line information   ;+sng / ljZn]if0f u/L kl5 ul/g] cg'udg tyf d" Nof+sgsf] nflu cfwf/ ePsf] .   k|:tfjsf] ljsNk ljZn]if0f ubf{ k|:tfjdf s]xL ;'wf/ u/]/ sfof{Gjog ug] {sf] ;sf/fTds k|efjx?sf] ef/ ;j}eGbf a9L - cf};t :sf  ]/ ^^=#) _ /x]sf] ;fy} gsf/fTds k|efjx?sf] ef/ sd - cf};t :sf  ]/ $#=#$ _ x'gfn] pQm ljsNk jdf]lhd Kf|:tfj sfof{Gjog ug{ ;'emfO{of] xf] .   k|:tfj sfof{Gjog ubf{ kg] { cg's" n k|efjx?nfO{ a9fpg] pkfox? / k|lts'n k|efjx?nfO{ Go" gLs/0f ug] { pkfox?   / tL pkfox?sf]   sfof{Gjog x'g] :yfg, ;do ,cg'dflgt /sd / sfof{Gjogsf] lhDd]jf/L ;d]t ;dfj]z u/L jftfj/0f Joj:yfkg of]hgf tof/ ul/Psf]  5 . k|:tfjsn] k|:tfj sfof{Gjogaf6 kg] { cg's" n k|efjx? / ltgnfO{ clwsQd ug] { pkfox?sf]  sfof{Gjogsf] nflu cg'dflgt Nffut ?= !,*),)))=)) / k|lts" n k|efjx? Go" gLs/0f ug] {  pkfox?sf] sfof{Gjogsf] nflu cg'dflgt jh]6 ?= @#%,)))=)) nfUg] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . k|:tfj sfof{Gjog kl5 o;sf k|lts" n k|efj Go'lgs/0f ug{ / cg's" n k|efjnfO{  clwsQd ug{sf nflu :yfg, ;do / sfo{qmdsf] ef}lts, h}ljs, ;fdflhs, cfly{s, ;f+:s[lts jftfj/0fsf k|efjsf] ;" rs lgwf{/0f u/L @ dlxg] ÷ ^ dlxg] ÷ jflif{s ?kn] jftfj/0fLo cg'udgsf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . k|:tfjsn] lgodkfng cg'udgsf] nflu ?= (@,%))=)) / k|efj cg'udg sfo{qmdsf] sfof{Gjogsf] nflu ?= @%)))=)) / HfDdf ah]6 ?=!,!&,%))=)) nfut nfUg] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 .   of] k|:tfj jg ljefu , jj/dxnaf6 :jLs[t ePsf] ldltb]lv % jif{;Dd nfu' /xg]5 .   2  ljifo–;"rL l;=g= ljj/0f kh g= k|ltjbgsf ;f/fz==============================================================================================================@ ljifo–;"rL========================================================================================================================# cWofo ==================================================================================================^ kl/ro===========================================================================================================^   e'ldsf===================================================================================================================^  =@ kltjbg tof/ ug jftfj/0f lj1sf] gfd / 7]ufgf============================================================^   =# k:tfjsf] ljj/0f ========================================================================================================& !=#=! k|:tfjsf] p4]Zo========================================================================================================& !=#=@ k|:tfjsf] sfof{Gjog If]q============================================================================================& !=#=# h8La'6L Joj:yfkg sfo{ k4lt ===================================================================================& -!=#=#=!_ k|:tfljt sfo{qmdsf] sfo{gLltx?================================================================================================== & -!=#=#=!=!_ 3'DtL rqm k|0ffNfL ( Rotational System) cg';f/ ;+sng ug] {=================================================== & -!=#=#=!=@_ lbuf] Joj:yfkg sfo{gLlt nfu' ul/g]===========================================================================================& -!=#=#=!=#_ lbuf] Joj:yfkgsf j}1flgs sfo{qmdx? ;+rfng ul/g]=================================================================== * - =$_ kf/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0fsf p2]Zox? =================================================================== * - =%_ kltjbg tof/ ubf ckgfOPsf ljlwx? =======================================================================( -!=%=!_ tYof+s ;+sng ljlw==============================================================================================( -!=%=@_ tYof+s ljZn]i0f ljlw=============================================================================================( -!=%=#_ tYof+s k|:t'lt ljlw+ + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +===============================================================================================( -!=%=$_ k|efjsf] ljZn]i0f===================================================================================================( -!=%=%_ Go'gLs/0fsf pkfox?=============================================================================================!) -!=%=^_ cWoog If]q l;df+sg / l;ldttf==============================================================================!) cWofo @ ======================================================================================== ) k|:tfj;u ;DjlGwt gLlt, Pg, lgod tyf lgb]lzsfx?========================================= ) cWofo #========================================================================================== c5fd lhNnfsf] ljwdfg jftfj/0fLo cj:yf======================================================== -#= _ ef}uf]lns cj:yf===================================================================================================== -#=!=!_ l;dfgf=================================================================================================================!! -#=!=@_ s'n If]qkmn==========================================================================================================!! -#=!=#_ cIff+z / b]zfGt/===================================================================================================!! -#=!=$_ prfO{=================================================================================================================!! -#=!=%_ e" uj{===================================================================================================================!! -#=!=^_ df6f]===================================================================================================================!! -#=!=&_ e" cfs[lt==============================================================================================================!! -#=!=*_ hnjfo'===============================================================================================================!@ -#=!=(_ e" –pkof]lutf========================================================================================================!@ -#=!=!)_ le/fnf]kgf==========================================================================================================!@ -#=!=!!_ d'Vo kj{tx?======================================================================================================!# -#=!=!@_ gbL / tfnx? ===================================================================================================!# -#=!=!#_ ef}uf]lns l:ylt==================================================================================================!% -#=!=!$_ hldgsf] pkof]lutf==============================================================================================!% 3  -#=!=!%_ s[lif e" ld============================================================================================================!^ -#=!=!^_ vlgh >f]t=========================================================================================================!^ -#=@_ hljs jftfj/0f======================================================================================================= ^ -#=@=!_ jg h+unsf] ljj/0f================================================================================================!^ -#=@=@_ k|d'v ?v k|hfltsf] ljj/0f======================================================================================!& -#=@=#_ jgsf] lsl;d========================================================================================================!& -#=@=$_ ;fd'bflos , sj'lnotL tyf gLlh jg ljsf; sfo{qmd=================================================!* -#=@=%_ u}/ sfi7 jg k}bfjf/sf] lgsf;Lsf] cj:yf=================================================================!* -#=@=^_ h}ljs ljljwtf ===================================================================================================!* -#=@=^=!_ k|d'v jGohGt'x?=====================================================================================================================!* -#=@=^=@_ k+IfLx?===================================================================================================================================!( -#=@=^=#_ df5f k|hfltx?========================================================================================================================!( -#=@=&_ jGohGt'sf] nflu dxTjk" 0f{ dflgPsf :yfgx?==========================================!( -#=@=*_ ljwdfg jGohGt'sf] ;+/If0fsf] cj:yf=======================================================================!( -#=@=(_ Ecological Zones and vegetation types of Achham district……………………….20   -#=#_ ;fdflhs tyf cflYfs kIf=========================================================================================@ -#=#= _ hg;+Vof ;DjlGw ljj/0f  == ================================================================================@ -#=#=!=!=!_ hg;+Vof ;DjlGw ;fdfGo ljj/0f ===========================================================================================@! -#=#=!=!=@_ hfltut cfwf/df c5fd lhNnfsf] hg;+Vof ;DjlGw ljj/0f==========================================================@! -#=#=!=!=#_ k]zfsf] cfwf/df c5fd lhNnfsf] hg;+Vof ;DjlGw ljj/0f===========================================================@! -#=#=!=!=$_ wd{sf] cfwf/df c5fd lhNnfsf] hg;+Vof ;DjlGw ljj/0f===========================================================@@ -#=#=!=!=%_ ;fIf/tf b/sf] cfwf/df c5fd lhNnfsf] hg;+Vof ;DjlGw ljj/0f=================================================@@ -#=#=!=!=^_ >d / cfk" lt{=========================================================================================================================@@ -#=#=!=!=&_ /f]huf/ / j]/f]huf/sf] cj:yf =================================================================================================@@ -#=#=!=!=*_ ;fdflhs tyf cflYf{s cj:yf==================================================================================================@@ -#=#=!=!=(_ c5fd lhNnfsf] z}lIfs tYof+s=================================================================================================@# -#=#=!=!=!)_ c5fd lhNnfsf] :jf:Yo ;DjlGw s]xL ;" rsx?==========================================================================@$ -#=#=@_ cflys l:ylt=======================================================================================================@$ -#=#=@=!_ cfosf] l:ylt==========================================================================================================================@$ -#=#=@=@_ hldgsf] :jfldTj====================================================================================================================@% -#=#=@=#_ c5fd lhNnfsf] vfwfGg cj:yf=================================================================================================@% -#=#=@=$_ c5fd lhNnfsf] n} +lus ;r]tgf ljsf; ;" rsf+s=========================================================================@% -#=#=@=%_ vfwfGg pTkfbg ====================================================================================================================@^ -#=#=@=^_ k|lt3/ vfwfGg pTkfbg===========================================================================================================@^ -#=#=@=&_ jflif{s cfDbfgLsf cfwf/df kl/jf/sf] ljj/0f =============================================================================@^ -#=#=@=*_ 5fgfsf] lsl;d =====================================================================================================================@^ -#=#=@=(_ cfly{s ?kn] ;lqmo hg;+Vof====================================================================================================@& -#=#=@=!)_ ;8s oftfoft kx' Frsf] l:ylt==================================================================================================@& -#=#=@=!!_ lgdf{0fflwg ;8sx?===============================================================================================================@& -#=#=@=!@_ vfg]kfgLsf] cj:yf ===============================================================================================================@& -#=#=@=!#_ lhNnf kz' ;]jf sfof{noaf6 pknAw ;]jfx?==============================================================================@* -#=#=@=!#=!_ cf=j= @)%* / )%( sf] kz'k+IfL tYof+s====================================================================================@* -#=#=@=!#=@_ cf=j= @)%* / )%( sf] kz'hGo kbfy{x?sf] pTkfbg ljj/0f =======================================================@* -#=#=@=!#=#_ kz'kfng ks]6 If]qsf] ljj/0f================================================================================================@( -#=#=@=!$_ s[lif If]qsf] j:t'l:yltsf] ljj/0f ============================================================================================@( -#=#=@=!$=!_ b'O{ jif{leq s[lif ;fdfu| L cfk" lt{ l:ylt ==================================================================================@( -#=#=@=!$=@_ lhNnfaf6 lgof{t x'g] s[lifhGo j:t'sf] kl/df0f========================================================================@( -#=@=!$=#_ lhNnfdf s" n pTkfbg x'g] s[lif pk – kbfy{x?sf] ljj/0f===============================================================@( -#=$_ ;f:s[lts kIf== =========================================================================================#) 4  -#=$=!_ lhNnfsf k|l;¢ wfld{s :ynx?================================================================================#) -#=$=@_ lhNnfsf ;fdflhs hghLjg==================================================================================#! -#=$=#_ ;f+:s[lts /Lltl/jfh tyf rf8kj{x?=========================================================================#@ cWofo M $=======================================================================================## k|:tfjsf ljsNk ljZnif0f ===============================================================================## -$= _ ljsNkx?sf] jftfj/0fLo kefjsf tngfTds kefjx?sf ljZnif0f===================================#$ -$= = _ ljsNkx?sf jftfj/0fLo cg's"n kefjx?sf tngfTds k|efjx?sf ljZn]if0f ========================================#% -$= =@_ ljsNkx?sf jftfj/0fLo klts"n kefjx?sf tngfTds Kflts"n kefjx?sf ljZn]if0f   =================== $*   cWofo M %======================================================================================== %)   k|efjsf klxrfg / Go"gLs/0fsf pkfox?============================================================ %)   -%= _ k|:tfj sfofGjogaf6 kg] cgs"n kefjx? / ltgnfO clwsQd ug pkfox? =============================% -%=@_ k|lts"n k|efj / ltgsf /f]syfd tyf Go"gLs/0fsf pkfox?======================================================%@ -%=#_ k|lts"n k|efjx? Go"gLs/0f ug pkfox? / cgdflgt jh]6 ljj/0f ===========================================%$   cWofo M ^========================================================================================= %^   jftfj/0fLo cg'udg========================================================================================================= %^  -^= _ cgudgsf ;"rsx? , cg'udg ;do tflnsf, ljlw / cgudg ug lgsfo========================= %^   -^=!=!_ lgodkfng cg'udg ( Compliance Monitoring)………… …………………... %^  -^=!=@_ k|efj d'Nof+sg (  Impact Monitoring)……………………………………….… %*   cWofo M & lgisif / l;kmfl/;========================================================================================= %* ;Gbe{ ;fdu|Lx?============================================================================================ %(   cg;"rL – Status of major traded Non Timber Forest Products of Achham district………….. ^) cg';"rL @ lhNnf jg sfofno, c5fdaf6 ljleGg cf=j=x?df lgsf;L ePsf u=sf=j=k}=sf] ljj/0f ========================= ^$   cg;"rL # lhNnf jg sfofno, c5fdsf k~r jlifo sfoof]hgf - @)^)÷)^ blv @)^$÷)^% ;Dd _ n lglbi6 u/sf] u/ sfi7 jg kbfjf/x?sf] jflifs lgsf;L kl/df0f ======================================================== ^%   cg;"rL $ M lh=j=sf= c5fd cGt/utsf /]Ghkfi6x? / o;;u ;DjlGwt uf=lj=;=x?========================^^  cg;"rL % 3/]n tyf ;fgf pwfu ljsf; ;ldlt, c5fd2f/f ;~rflnt jg ;u ;DjlGwt pwfux?sf] ljj/0f === ^&   cg';"rL ^ M ljleGg s[lif jfnLx?n 9fs]sf Ifqkmn -pTkfbg, pTkfbsTj_=======================================&) cg';"rL & M c5fd lhNnfsf kVoft d7 dlGb/x? ======================================================================&@ cg';"rL * M c5fd lhNnfsf gSzf =======================================================================================&$ 5
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