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Fdi , Economic Growth in India

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Its a research study on FDI in india
  Foreign Direct Investment on   Indian Economic growth & development Submitted by: Kunwar Julka(wang jiu zhou) ID:-I201621218    ABSTRACT   Foreign direct investment (FDI) plays an important role in Indian economic growth dynamics. There are several examples of the benefits of FDI in India. FDI in the retail sector can expand markets by reducing transaction and transformation costs of business through adoption of advanced supply chain and benefit to the consumers and suppliers (farmers). The result is also net gains in employment at the aggregate level. Author has been given forth a few conceptual issues and analysis of qualitative information, data and stylized facts. Author takes following methods - Foreign direct investment in India, surveys retail sector growth forecasts in India, highlights components raised by opponents of liberalising FDI in retail trade, provides arguments in favour of allowing foreign competition in this sector, and outlines challenges for organised retail in India.      Introduction  India is now the last major frontier for globalise retail. In the 21years since the economic liberalisation of 1991, India’s middle class has greatly  expanded and so has its purchasing  power. But over the years, unlike other major emerging economies, India has been slow to open its retail sector to foreign investment. Recent signals from the government however suggest that this may be about to change global supermarket chain stores such as Wal-Mart (United States), Carrefour (France), Marks and Spencer and Tesco (UK) and Shoprite (South Africa) may finally be allowed to set up shop in India. Foreign direct investment (FDI) in the retail sector in India is restricted in 2006, the government eased retail policy for the first time, allowing up to 51 Percent FDI through the single-brand retail route (see Section 2 for a classification of organised retail in India). Since then, there has been a steady increase in FDI in the retail sector, and the cumulative FDI in single-brand retail stood at $195 million by the middle of 2010 (DIPP Report, 2010) Foreign investment in the single-brand retail sector in India has been resilient to the global economic crisis of 2007  –08. Given India’s large  population and rapidly expanding middle class, there is robust and growing demand to rapidly expanding market. Table 1 shows the growth in private consumption and expenditures across categories to highlight this trend. In the past few decades, large retailers have experienced substantial growth around the world. Table 2 show the average per cent of the retail sector in total employment over the given time period.  OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY The present study has been undertaken with a conduct empirical analysis of impact of FDI in India growth and made some recommendation to flow of FDI in retail sector. Thus the objectives of the study can be enumerated as follows:   a) To analyze the pattern and direction of FDI flow in India.  b) To review FDI policy of India c) To make policy recommendation to improve the level of FDI. d) Retail sector growth forecasts in India e) Highlights liberalising FDI in retail trade and point out its positive and negative effect on retail sector.
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