Magazine

38 pages
86 views

Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry, Food Protected Designation of Origin — Methodologies and Applications, Rice

of 38
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Share
Description
In recent years, research efforts have focused on the potential of analytical techniques for the determination of agricultural products according to source or geographical origin. For most of the food products, the authenticity is determined by
Transcript
  See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/257143482 Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry,Food Protected Designation of Origin— Methodologies and Applications,Rice Chapter  · August 2013 CITATIONS 0 READS 171 4 authors , including:Pracha CheajesadagulPTT Research and Technology Ins… 5   PUBLICATIONS   29   CITATIONS   SEE PROFILE Joanna SzpunarFrench National Centre for Scienti… 162   PUBLICATIONS   6,095   CITATIONS   SEE PROFILE All content following this page was uploaded by Joanna Szpunar on 24 May 2015. The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file. All in-text references underlined in blue are added to the srcinal docuand are linked to publications on ResearchGate, letting you access and read them immediately.  AUTHOR QUERY FORM Book: FoodProtectedDesignationof Origin, 60Chapter: 24Please e-mail your responses andany corrections to:E-mail:a.kittusamyramasamy@elsevier.com Dear Author,Any queries or remarks that have arisen during the processing of your manuscript are listed below and are highlighted by flags in the proof. (AUindicates author queries; ED indicates editor queries; and TS/TY indicatestypesetter queries.) Please check your proof carefully and answer all AUqueries. Mark all corrections and query answers at the appropriate place in the proof (e.g., by using on-screen annotation in the PDF file http://www.elsevier.com/authors/book-authors) or compile them in a separate list, and tick off belowto indicate that you have answered the query. Please return your input as instructed by the project manager.Uncited references:  References that occur in the reference list but are not cited in the text. Please position each reference in the text or delete it from thereference list. Missing references:  References listed below were noted in the text but aremissing from the reference list. Please make the reference list complete or remove the references from the text. Location in Chapter Query / remark  AU:1, page 1 Please provide abstract.AU:2, page 14 Please check the sentence  ‘ The predicted percentage . . . ’  for clarity. B978-0-444-59562-1.00024-4, 00024COAC, 978-0-444-59562-1 To protect the rights of the author(s) and publisher we inform you that this PDF is an uncorrected proof for internal business useonly by the author(s), editor(s), reviewer(s), Elsevier and typesetter SPi. It is not allowed to publish this proof online or in print.This proof copy is the copyright property of the publisher and is confidential until formal publication.  AU:3, page 23 Please check the sentence  ‘ Stable isotopiccompositions . . . ’  for completeness.AU:4, page 28 Please check the edits made in thesentence  ‘ While analysis of ricecultivars . . . ’ AU:5, page 28 Please check the sentence  ‘ Of the twomethods . . . ’  for clarity.AU:6, page 32 Please provide abbreviated form of the journal title.AU:7, page 1 Please provide affiliation for these authors.TS:1, page 10 Please provide the better quality image for figure 24.2. B978-0-444-59562-1.00024-4, 00024COAC, 978-0-444-59562-1 To protect the rights of the author(s) and publisher we inform you that this PDF is an uncorrected proof for internal business useonly by the author(s), editor(s), reviewer(s), Elsevier and typesetter SPi. It is not allowed to publish this proof online or in print.This proof copy is the copyright property of the publisher and is confidential until formal publication.  Chapter 24 C0120 Rice Pracha Cheajesadagul, Juwadee Shiowatana, Atitaya Siripinyanond and Joanna Szpunar  Au7 Chapter Outline 1. Rice Around the World 12. Analytical Methodologiesfor Determiningthe Geographical Origin of Rice 9 2.1. Elemental Fingerprint 92.2. Mineral Isotope Ratios 182.3. Light Isotope Ratios 202.4. Molecular Spectroscopy 242.5. Other Methods 26 3. Future Perspectives 31References 31 s0005  1 RICE AROUND THE WORLD p0005  Au1 Rice is one of the most important cereal crops, providing a staple diet for almost half of the world’s population. This annual plant also possesses themain source of calories and protein for human being, particularly in Asia,the United States and some European countries. It is the grain with the thirdlargest worldwide production, after maize (corn) and wheat [1]. Accordingto the Food and Agriculture Organization, developing countries are the mainplayers in the world rice trade. The world’s leading producers of rice includeChina, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Vietnam and Thailand (Figure 1).Although China and India are the two largest producers of rice in the world,both countries consume the majority of rice produced domestically, leavingnot a very large amount to be traded internationally [2,3]. As a result, theworld’s largest producers of rice are not the world’s largest exporters. Amongexporters, Thailand, Vietnam, India, Pakistan and the United States are themajor exporters of rice. While the exporters of rice are limited, there arenumerous importers of rice. Major importers usually include Indonesia,Nigeria, Bangladesh, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Malaysia, the Philippines,Brazil, Senegal and South Africa. Global rice production, imports and exportsfrom 2007 to 2011 are shown in Table 1. As can be seen, Bangladesh is a Comp. by: R.Muthukumaran Stage: Proof Chapter No.: 24 Title Name: COACDate:19/3/13 Time:13:32:17 Page Number: 1 B978-0-444-59562-1.00024-4, 00024COAC, 978-0-444-59562-1 Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-59562-1.00024-4 ©  2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.  1 To protect the rights of the author(s) and publisher we inform you that this PDF is an uncorrected proof for internal business useonly by the author(s), editor(s), reviewer(s), Elsevier and typesetter SPi. It is not allowed to publish this proof online or in print.This proof copy is the copyright property of the publisher and is confidential until formal publication.  major rice importer despite the fact that Bangladesh is also one of the world’sleading producers of rice. p0010  Rice is the seed of the monocarpic annual plant of the genus  Oryza , fromthe grass in the Poaceae family (formally known as Gramineae), containing 21wild species and 2 cultivated species [4]. The domesticated species refer to Oryza sativa  (Asian rice), grown throughout Asia, Australia, the United Statesand Africa, and  Oryza glaberrima  (African rice), grown on a limited scale inwestern Africa. Nowadays, it is evaluated that approximately 120,000 distinctrice varieties exist in the world and almost all of the thousands of varietiesgrown and developed srcinate from  O. sativa . Asian rice can be divided intothree main sub-species:  indica, japonica  and  javanica . The first two are themost common species, but  indica  corresponds to 80% of all cultivated rice [4]. p0015  The  indica  varieties are long-grained, non-sticky and mainly lowland rice,grown mostly submerged, throughout tropical Asia, for example, Basmatirice, grown notably on the Indian sub-continent. The  Japonica  varieties areshort-grained, sticky and usually cultivated in dry fields, in temperate East Asiasuch as Japan, upland areas of Southeast Asia and high elevations in SouthAsia. The  javanica  varieties are broad-grained and grown in tropical climates. p0020  In addition to being a rich source of dietary energy, rice contains a number of vitamins and minerals like vitamin D, iron, calcium, fibre, thiamine, niacinand riboflavin. In its natural unmilled state, rice comes in various colours suchas brown, red, purple and even black. These colourful rice varieties are oftenvalued for their health properties [5]. In many studies, eating whole grains, suchas brown rice, has been linked to protection against atherosclerosis, ischemicstroke, diabetes, insulin resistance, obesity and premature death. Red or blackrice consumption was found to reduce or retard the progression of atheroscle-rotic plaque development, induced by dietary cholesterol, in mammals [6].Moreover, increasing consumption of whole grains could reduce the risk of childhood asthma [7]. Diabetic patients are recommended to include brown ricerather than white rice that contains low levels of glycemic index. Comp. by: R.Muthukumaran Stage: Proof Chapter No.: 24 Title Name: COACDate:19/3/13 Time:13:32:17 Page Number: 2 tonnes5 187489706.842 FIGURE 1 f0005  Production quantities of paddy rice by country (tonnes) averaging from 1992 to 2010[2]. (For colour version of this figure, the reader is referred to the online version of this chapter.) PART III  Food Application 2 B978-0-444-59562-1.00024-4, 00024COAC, 978-0-444-59562-1 To protect the rights of the author(s) and publisher we inform you that this PDF is an uncorrected proof for internal business useonly by the author(s), editor(s), reviewer(s), Elsevier and typesetter SPi. It is not allowed to publish this proof online or in print.This proof copy is the copyright property of the publisher and is confidential until formal publication.
Related Documents
View more...
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks
SAVE OUR EARTH

We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

More details...

Sign Now!

We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!

x