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ASSESSMENT OF NON TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS FOR ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT

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ASSESSMENT OF NON TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS FOR ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT
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    ASSESSMENT OF NON TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS FOR ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT (A CASE STUDY FROM GOVERNMENT MANAGED FOREST OF HOSRANDI & URAM  POKHARA VDCs OF PARBAT DISTRICT) A dissertation submitted as a partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelors of Science in Forestry.   RESEARCHER R.B. THAKUR B.SC.FORESTRY, FINAL YEAR INSTITUTE OF FORESTRY, POKHARA CAMPUS POKHARA SUPERVISOR MR. J.N. SHAH, LECTURER INSTITUTE OF FORESTRY, POKHARA CAMPUS POKHARA ADVISORS MR. K.P. YADAV DISTRICT MANAGER, LFP , PARBAT   MR. GANESH RAY DISTRICT FOREST OFFICER, PARBAT   TRIBHUVAN UNIVERSITY Institute of Forestry, Pokhara Campus, Pokhara   January, 2005   January 20, 2005 CERTIFICATE OF ACCEPTANCE This is to certify that this research entitled “ ASSESSMENT OF NON TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS FOR ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT :  A CASE STUDY  FROM GOVERNMENT MANAGED FOREST OF HOSRANDI & URAM POKHARA VDCs OF PARBAT DISTRICT ” carried out by Mr. R. B. Thakur under my supervision has been accepted as a partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelors of Science in Forestry. ------------------------------------ MR. J.N. SHAH, LECTURER INSTITUTE OF FORESTRY, POKHARA CAMPUS POKHARA ii    DECLARATION I hereby declare that this research "  ASSESSMENT OF NON TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS FOR ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT :  A CASE STUDY  FROM GOVERNMENT MANAGED FOREST OF HOSRANDI & URAM  POKHARA VDCs OF PARBAT DISTRICT    " is my own work except otherwise as acknowledged. I have not submitted it or any of its part to any other academic institutions for any degree. ………………………… Mr. R.B. Thakur IoF, Pokhara, Nepal January 2005   iii   ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: First and foremost my sincere gratitude and deep respect goes to my research supervisor Mr. J.N. Shah for his continuous guidance and suggestions. I express my deep sense of gratitude and respect to Prof. Dr. A.K. Das, Prof. Dr. I.C. Dutta, Dr.B.K. Poudel, Mr. Bharat Mahato, Mr. Abadhesh Singh, Mr. C.P. Upadhyay, and Mr. D.N. Thakur for their help, encouragement, guidance and practical suggestions extended to complete this research. I would like to express my sincere and profound gratitude to my research advisors Mr. K.P. Yadav (LFP, District Manager, and Parbat) & Mr. Ganesh Ray (DFO, Parbat).My appreciation goes to Mr. Nirmal B.K. & Mrs. B.K.Pun of LFP, Parbat who encouraged and motivated me to boost up my dissertation work with some critiques and suggestions. Heartly thanks are expressed to Mr. Chitra K.C. ( Jaibire ), Dal Bahadur B.K. (Lama Baje ) , Mr. Keshav Neupane ( Headmaster of Surya Secondary School, Hosrandi) , Ram Prasad Sharma ( CMA, Health Post of Hosrandi ), Mr Prakash Bhushal ( Uram Pokhara VDC) who rendered their active help during the period of field study. Sincere thanks goes to my research assistants Mr. Jitendra Kshetri and Mrs. Nirmala k. Phulara as invaluable assistance during the period of field study. I would like to express my sincere thanks to my colleagues especially Mr. Ganesh B. Khadka, Sushil Khadka, Laxman Poudel , Sanjeev Bhattarai, Dhirendra Pradhan, Sunita Choudhary , Gandhiv Kafle, Pradeep Saud and senior brother Mr. Yogendra Yadav during data analysis & map preparation by the help of geographical information system (GIS) . A very special appreciation goes to my parents and relatives for their constant encouragement and inspires me. A deep appreciation is extended to my wife Nirmala k. Phulara for her inspiration,  patience, understanding and constructive comments shown during field study as well as final report preparation. Mr. R. B. Thakur B.Sc. Forestry, Final Year IOF, Pokhara Campus , Pokhara Address: Pipariya-6, Sarlahi (Nepal) iv   ABSTRACT Traditionally, rural people of Nepal have been using NTFPs for curing their health  problems, edible food source, tannin and dyes and in so many domestic uses. But now due to unscientific extraction, storing, processing and marketing practices, NTFP are being over-exploited. To reduce the degradation and depletion rates of NTFP, there is a need for quantification of growing stock and annual allowable harvest for the sustainable management. Field site is selected as government managed forest of Hosrandi & Uram Pokhara VDCs of Parbat district .  Both primary as well as secondary data was collected from the study sites. Primary data was collected through key- informant survey, household survey with questionnaire,  participatory resource assessment, direct observation, rapid vulnerability assessment, group discussion, NTFP inventory method while secondary data was collected through  published and unpublished documents from concerned organizations. From this sudy, the status & distribution of NTFP ( density, frequency, abundance , current yield of harvestable stock ) was assessed; selection of potential NTFP for enterprise development ; prevailing situation of NTFP enterprise development & Conservation status was determined from the study area . Ethno botanical uses and identification system of NTFP available in the study sites was also documented.  It is equally useful for Department of Forest, Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Department of Plant Resource, Livelihood & Forestry Program as well as  planning commission for formulating the programs. Key words: NTFP assessment, NTFP distribution, conservation status, marketing channels, enterprise development, ethnobotany, NTFP value addition, sustainable harvest. v
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