Social Media

36 pages

A Kaleidoscope of Gathering at Keinsmerbrug (A Corded Ware Culture wetland settlement site in the Netherlands): Features

of 36
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Full publication avaliable for free download on the cultureelerfgoed website. Keinsmerbrug: a kaleidoscope of gathering The analysis of the Keinsmerbrug site, excavated in 1986, was the first step in our research as part of the Odyssey project
  NederlandseArcheologischeRapporten 043  A Kaleidoscopeof Gathering at Keinsmerbrug (the Netherlands) Late Neolithic Behavioural Variability in a Dynamic Landscape   A Kaleidoscopeo Gahering a Keinsmerbrug (he Neherlands) Late Neolithic Behavioural Variability in a Dynamic Landscape B.I. Smit, O. Brinkkemper, J.P. Kleijne,R.C.G.M. Lauwerier & E.M. Theunissen (eds)  ColoonLae Neolihic Behavioural Variabiliy in a Dynamic Landscape:a Kaleidoscope o Gahering a Keinsmerbrug (he Neherlands) Auhors: S.M. Beckerman, D.C. Brinkhuizen, V. Garcia Diaz, L. Kubiak-Marens, G.R. Nobles, T. F.M. Oudemans,J.H.M. Peeers, B.I. Smi, H. Van Haaser J.T. Zeiler, O. Brinkkemper, J.P. Kleijne, R.C.G.M. Lauwerier, E.M. Theunissen,D.C.M. Raemaekers & A.L. Van GijnEdiors: B.I. Smi, O. Brinkkemper, J.P. Kleijne, R.C.G.M. Lauwerier, E.M. TheunissenIllusraions: Gary Nobles, Marjolein Haars (BCL- Archaeological Suppor), S. Boersma (Groningen Insiue o Archaeology,ceramics chaper 4), J. Porck (aculy o Archaeology, Leiden Universiy, in/sone ool drawings chaper 5), he auhors,Culural Heriage Agency o he Neherlands, unless oherwise saedEdior o illusraions: Marjolein Haars (BCL- Archaeological Suppor), O. Brinkkemper.English correcion and ranslaion: Sue Mc DonnellDesign and lay-ou: uNiek-Design, AlmereISBN/EAN: 9789057992032© Culural Heriage Agency o he Neherlands, Amersoor, 2012Culural Heriage Agency o he NeherlandsP.O. Box 16003800 BP Amersoor  The Neherlands www.culureeler This research was suppored by he Neherlands Organisaion or ScienifcResearch (NWO, Den Haag), Culural Heriage Agency (RCE, Amersoor),BIAX Consul, ArchaeoBone, Kenaz Consul, Groninger Insiuu voor Archeologie Faculy o Archaeology, Universiy o Leiden, Provincie Noord-Holland, and Siching Nederlands Museum voor Anhropologie enPraehisorie (Amserdam). . :: Kenaz Consult  3— Archaeologiss perormed a huge number o excavaions in he wenieh cenury. They werenecessary o preven he loss o he Neherlands’buried hisory as indusrial sies, residenialareas, roads, pors and railway lines were buil.The archaeological challenge was so grea haresearchers oen did no manage o analyse andpublish all excavaions. Forunaely, severalyears ago, under he Odyssey programmeunded by he Neherlands Organisaion orScienic Research (NWO) and he Minisry o Educaion, Culure and Science, money wasmade available o analyse a small proporion o he inormaion, which lay gahering dus inarchives, and o make ha inormaionaccessible o academics and he public.The Lae Neolihic sie a Keinsmerbrug inNoord-Holland was one o he sies seleced.Only a small proporion o his ineresingexcavaion had been analysed, and only a ewvery general pieces had appeared in raherinaccessible Duch repors and papers, while jusone review paper was available in English. Thepresen publicaion makes he basic daaavailable or he rs ime, and provides acomprehensive inerpreaion o he sie or aninernaional readership. The monograph beoreyou is he rs in a hree-par publicaion hawill be eniled: ‘Unlocking Noord-Holland’s LaeNeolihic Treasure Ches: Single Grave Culurebehavioural variabiliy in a idal environmen’.The analysis o he Keinsmerbrug sie ook heorm o a mulidisciplinary projec involving anumber o parners: he Culural HeriageAgency, he universiies o Groningen andLeiden, Noord-Holland provincial auhoriy andvarious commercial paries – BIAX Consul,ArchaeoBone and Kenaz Consul. The researchgroup, had 16 members, including bohesablished and new researchers. To ensureconsisency, a number o inspiring presenaionand discussion meeings were held, where heresuls o every sudy and every researcher couldbe presened in conex wih he ohers.A he ouse, he analysis o his Lae Neolihicsie was expeced o produce some specialresuls, bu in he end i exceeded allexpecaions. The analyses provided newinsighs ino he ood economy, occupaion andsociey in he coasal area o Noord-Hollandprovince in he Lae Neolihic. As such, heKeinsmerbrug sie is a ne example o hisinernaionally unique ype o agriculuralsociey.I should like o hank all who ook par in hisprojec or heir eors, and o complimenhem on he magnicen resul. Finally, I shouldlike o hank NWO or is guidance and nancialsuppor, and o wish he reader a grea deal o pleasure in perusing he repor. Jos Bazelmans Head, Immovable Heritage Knowledge Research andKnowledge Sector, Cultural Heritage Agency Preace  4— Keinsmerbrug: a kaleidoscope o gahering  The analysis o he Keinsmerbrug sie, excavaedin 1986, was he rs sep in our research as paro he Odyssey projec eniled ‘UnlockingNoord-Holland’s Lae Neolihic Treasure Ches:Single Grave Culure behavioural variabiliy in aidal environmen’. The unpublished daaavailable suggesed Keinsmerbrug was a smallsie lacking clear srucures. The limied scale o he excavaion (area approx. 300 m2, excavaedin a single campaign) made his sie he obviouschoice as a es case or he approach o beadoped in he Single Grave Culure projec. Agroup o specialiss worked ogeher o unlockand inegrae culural/ecological inormaion andresearch daa. The projec eam consiss o 16people ackling dieren subjecs and working in  various insiuional setings (commercial agencies, universiies and he Culural Heriage Agency). The good preservaion o he archaeologicalremains a Keinsmerbrug allowed us o gain aninsigh ino he exploiaion o animal and planresources here. Based on he archaeozoologicalevidence i is clear ha subsisence was basedon a combinaion o catle breeding, shing andowling. Besides catle, some sheep or goas andyoung pigs were consumed. The ew wildmammals presen like wol, poleca and marenwere probably huned or heir urs. Fish romboh saline and brackish waers was animporan par o he die. Flash – paricularlyounder – and surgeon were caugh. By ar hemos asonishing aspec is he huge quaniy o bird bones discovered. Dieren kinds o birds,especially ducks (mallard, eal/garganey andwigeon), were caugh in huge numbers.Esimaes o he oal number o birdscaugh range rom 5000 o 10,000. Naked barleyand emmer whea were brough o he sie ascleaned or semi-cleaned grains. Besides cereals,seeds o various orache species were gaheredor ood. I is remarkable ha no oher wildplan oods such as crab apple, berries, hazelnusand acorns were consumed. Evidence or hegahering o roos and ubers or ood is alsolacking. Chemical evidence has shown ha grainwas cooked in liquid and ha sarch-rich oodswere mixed wih a small amoun o animal a orsh oil. Mea and sh were probably preparedor consumpion using re (open or oherwise),in he orm o smoking, grilling or preparaion inashpis. Similar cooking sraegies and drying onracks were used o conserve he large number o ducks and sh which mus have been preparedor sorage and ranspor o oher setlemens.Alhough he number o nds is no veryhigh he sudy o he maerial culure revealedsome imporan resuls. One inriguing aspec o he ceramics is heir variaion. Alhough heceramics are low in number he variaion inhickness, empering and decoraion is high. I islikely ha his variaion is caused by dierencesin he srcins o he vessels or he srcins orpreerences o he individual poters. Peoplerom dieren local SGC radiions probablyvisied his specic locaion a dieren imes, Summary 
Related Documents
View more...
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks

We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

More details...

Sign Now!

We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!