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A junior secondary unit of work for Science using the methodology of the Met West Literacy and Learning Resource Book

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A junior secondary unit of work for Science using the methodology of the Met West Literacy and Learning Resource Book
  SCIENCEKLA BOOK SCIENCEKLA BOOK SCIENCEKLA BOOK  Literacy & LearningProgram  Written by  Peter Knappand Jim Sturgiss Produced by Literacy and Learning ProgramMetropolitan West RegionNSW Department of School EducationThrough Commonwealth funding provided by The Dept of Employment, Education and Training ISBN 0-7305-9015-1 Home Page  The material and approach to genre and grammar used in this book isto a large degree an outcome of previously published and unpublishedwork including; LERN Conference Papers: Working with Genre:II; Litera-cy and Education Research Network; Sydney , Genre and Critical Litera- cy; Falmer Press, London,  Text and Grammar:Teaching the Genres and Grammar of School Writing; Text Productions, Sydney.The theoretical work underpinning the different frameworks and struc-tures is largely derived from work with Gunther Kress (University of London). The result of this work is being published by Thomas Nelson,Melbourne; Genre and Grammar: A Practical View of Language. Megan Watkins (Executive Officer, Met West Literacy and LearningProgram), has had an integral role in the development of the materialsfor this project. Her editing and critical analysis has provided a valu-able focus in ensuring their accessibility and usefulness for teachers.Useful contributions to the teaching objectives and learning outcomeswere provided by Robyn Mamouney (Curriculum Directorate). Design and Layout by:InLaw Productions9 Hilltop Avenue, Marrickville NSW 2204Phone (02) 559 1595; Fax (02) 559 1595Typeset in 11.5/16 pt Garamond by Executive Press21 Crinan St Hurlstone Park 2193Printed by ABF Printers26 Sloane St Marrickville 2204© Peter Knapp 1992Published by:Literacy and Learning ProgramMetropolitan West RegionNSW Department of School EducationParramatta Education Resource CentreCnr Albert and O’Connell StreetsNorth Parramatta NSW 2152Phone (02) 683 9666; Fax (02) 630 0054July 1992 ISBN 0-7305-9015-1  Acknowledgements  How to use this book1Unit One - Identification of Rocks Programming Grid4Aims and Outcomes5Activities6Assessment Task10BLM’s12 Unit Two - Mineral Extraction & Metal Production Programming Grid22Aims and Outcomes23Activities25Assessment Task29BLM’s30  INTRODUCTIONSCIENCE KLA BOOKMet West Literacy & Learning Program Content/Language Making connections be-tween content knowledgeand language through:•Concrete experiences•Describing and explaining •Reading models•Research (note-taking)•Defining concepts Teaching/Learning Processes 12 Grammar-Editing Moving students’ writingfrom orientation of speechto orientation of writing•Modelling  verb identifica- tion, tense, conjunctions,reference  •Modelling theme, noun groups, nominalisation,modality  3 Teaching through: •Experiential work •Reading models•Research (note-taking)•Scaffolding structure•Writing (whole text)•Editing (grammar)•Re-writing •Assessment  Structure- Writing Using the Generic Structureto provide a scaffold for stu-dent writing of first draft•Modelling the GenericStructure•Modelling Text Organisation•Scaffolding with content/ language•Students drafting wholetext  Met West Literacy & Learning ProgramINTRODUCTIONSCIENCE KLA BOOK This book, for the Science Key Learning Area, has been specifically de-signed to be used in conjunction with the Met West Literacy andLearning Program Resource Book. Where the Resource Book has beenplanned as a reference source for programming, this book’s design isfocussed on language-based teaching/learning strategies. The units of work developed here, do not go into detailed descriptionsof the genres and their respective grammars. Rather, this informationshould be accessed as it is required, to serve the language focus of theparticular unit being taught. For instance, when working on UnitTwo in this book, it would be advisable to refer to The Genre of Ex- plaining in the Resource Book for detailed information on the charac-teristics of the structure and language features of that particular genre.Where the units deal with specific generic and grammatical features,we have attempted to provide the appropriate references in the Re-source Book. In other words, the Resource Book is a necessary com-panion when planning and programming work based on any of theunits.The pedagogy that informs this and the other KLA Books, is based onthe Teaching/Learning Processes outlined in Part Four of the ResourceBook (see also Teaching/Learning Processes diagram opposite). In essence,this is a developmental pedagogy which aims to move students from theconcrete/commonsense world of experience to the abstract/technical do-main of knowledge. An underlying premise to this approach is that ef-fective learning processes are mediated and accelerated by a consciouscontrol of literacy. The units in this book deliberately aim to assist stu-dents to ‘crack the codes’ of literacy and make conscious connectionsbetween knowledge (particularly those forms valued by our culture) andlanguage forms, structures and features relevant to the way knowledge isorganised.The following units only cover some of the range of the genres typi-cally used by the Science KLA in the junior secondary school. A topicsuch as “Rocks and Minerals” may use more genres than dealt withhere. For example,InstructingExperimental workDescribingIdentifying rocks and mineralsExplainingMining, mineral extraction, metal productionArguing“Is Mining Absolutely Essential?”The intention of focusing on the genres of describing and explainingis to provide a solid language foundation for subsequent science edu-cation.Explanation is at the core of science education. Phenomena which areeasy to observe are often hard to explain. Understanding of cause re-quires observational and intellectual skills, reasoning abilities, cognitive How To Use This Book  PAGE:1
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