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  ORIGINALARTICLES Movimento , Porto Alegre, v. 22, n. 1., p. 11-34, jan./mar. de 2016. A JOURNAL IN MOVEMENT: CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE SOCIOCULTURAL AND PEDAGOGICAL SUBAREA OF BRAZILIAN PHYSICAL EDUCATION (2004-2014) UMA REVISTA EM MOVIMENTO: CONTRIBUIÇÕES PARA A SUBÁREA SOCIOCULTURAL E PEDAGÓGICA DA EDUCAÇÃO FÍSICA BRASILEIRA (2004- 2014) UNA REVISTA EN MOVIMIENTO: CONTRIBUICIONES PARA LA SUBAREA SOCIOCULTURAL Y PEDAGOGICA DE LA EDUCACIÓN FÍSICA BRASILEÑA (2004-2014) Felipe Ferreira Barros Carneiro * , Amarílio Ferreira Neto ** ,Juliana Martins Cassani Matos**, Murilo Eduardo dos Santos Nazário *** ,Wagner dos Santos** LicenceCreative Commom Abstract: This paper shows the contribution of journal Movimento to the socio-cultural and pedagogical subeld of Brazilian Physical Education between 2004 and 2014. As a quantitative and qualitative work, it uses Scientometric and Bibliometric techniques to analyze the following indicators: frequency; link with post-graduate studies; funding; type of authorship; academic education; relationship with research groups; and institutional afliation. The results show increase in collective works as a trend in the PE scientic eld; Movimento’s performance in publishing studies produced in Brazil and abroad; and the need for policies that strengthen studies developed in the “periphery” of the National System of Post Graduation. Resumo:  Demonstra a contribuição da revista Movimento para a subárea sociocultural e pedagógica da Educação Física brasileira entre 2004 e 2014. De natureza quanti-qualitativa, faz uso de técnicas da Cienciometria e Bibliometria para analisar os seguintes indicadores: periodicidade; vínculo com a pós-graduação; presença de nanciamento; tipo de autoria; formação acadêmica; relação com grupos de pesquisa; e vínculo institucional. Os resultados evidenciam: o crescimento de trabalhos coletivos como tendência no campo cientíco da área; a atuação da revista Movimento, que veicula pesquisas produzidas no país e internacionalmente; e a necessidade de políticas que potencializem os estudos desenvolvidos na “periferia” do Sistema Nacional de pós- graduação. Resumen:  Demuestra la contribución de la revista Movimento para la subárea sociocultural y pedagógica de la Educación Física brasileña, entre 2004 y 2014. De naturaleza cuanti-cualitativa, utiliza técnicas de la Cienciometría y Bibliometría para analizar los siguientes indicadores: periodicidad, vínculo con el posgrado, presencia de nanciación, tipo de autoría, formación académica, relación con grupos de investigación y vínculo institucional. Los resultados muestran: el crecimiento de trabajos colectivos como tendencia en el campo cientíco del área, la actuación de la revista Movimento que vehicula investigaciones producidas en el país e internacionalmente y la necesidad de políticas que potencialicen los estudios desarrollados en la “periferia” del Sistema Nacional de Posgrado. Keywords : Periodicals. Scientic and technical activities. Graduate education. Bibliometric indicators. *Federal Institute of Science and Technology of Espírito Santo. Vitória, ES, Brazil. E-mail:**Federal University of Espírito Santo. Vitória, ES, Brazil. E-mail:***Vila Velha University. Vila Velha, ES, Brazil. E-mail: Recebido em: 10- 21- 2015 Aprovado em: 12-11- 2015 Palavras chave : Publicações periódicas. Atividades cienticas e tecnológicas. Educação de pós-graduação. Indicadores bibliométricos.Educação. Palabras clave : Publicaciones periódicas. Actividades cientícas y tecnológicas. Educación de posgrado. Indicadores bibliométricos.  Felipe Ferreira Barros Carneiro et al. 12 Movimento , Porto Alegre, v. 22, n. 1., p. 11-34, jan./mar. de 2016. 1 INTRODUCTION In Brazil’s current science and technology scenario, the National Graduate Studies System ( Sistema Nacional de Pós-Graduação  , SNPG), despite its problems, 1  has proved to be a good public policy for promotion and qualitative development of scientic research, and for building a critical mass. In the last two decades, according to Veloso et al  . (2003), Doutores (2010) and Nascimento (2010), graduate studies grew in Brazil, causing the country to gain prominence in Latin America’s science scenario. 2 As an exciting challenge within that system, scientic communication works as a device to develop the graduate studies sector since it is an important means for transferring and sharing technical and scientic information. According to Meadows (1999), communication is as vital for science as for research itself; and in Brazil, for the SNPG as well.At the forefront of that structure is what Job and Freitas (2010) called informal channels (oral presentations and conferences) and formal channels (those classically established by scientic books and journals), which are “strategic places” (CERTEAU, 1994) for the circulation   of consonant and dissonant voices in the eld. Therefore, the more renowned a journal is, the more value it adds to the articles it publishes, while the process also contributes to valuing that communication channel itself. In the eld of Physical Education, especially in its sociocultural and educational area, disputes over better spaces for publication have become an important challenge for researchers involved with graduate studies, mainly due to the lack of upper strata journals in Portuguese that receive works on the humanities. This scenario can be seen especially in the current situation of the eld, in which Movimento   has the highest national rating – stratum A2 in the Webqualis   system.This challenge pointed out by Job (2015) becomes even stronger because of the need for survival of Physical Education graduate programs which, in most cases, require submitting/ publishing articles in journals rated A1-B5 in WebQualis to obtain a master’s degree and A1-B1 for a PhD (SILVA; GONÇALVES-SILVA; MOREIRA, 2014). Movimento has played an important role in the sociocultural and educational area because it publishes only research on topics linked to the Social and Human Sciences, specically in its pedagogical, historical, political and cultural aspects, which favors the development of graduate programs and/or research lines related to the humanities. Another relevant issue is monitoring scientic activity, its impact and results. For that, quantitative and qualitative evaluation methods have been developed that allow assessing the levels of development achieved by a knowledge area, namely: researchers’ productivity rates; potential for growth of institutions and courses; and priorities for resource allocation.The eld of research focused on such studies is known as “statistical bibliography” or bibliometrics. It is the application of statistical and mathematical techniques to describe aspects of literature and other media (VANTI, 2002). Bibliometric analysis is a basic tool to study scientic communication phenomena, and it gains signicance when it resorts to a useful method to measure the impact of certain authors or journals among the scientic community. This type of investigation has been established as one of the ways to evaluate scientic production in different knowledge areas (CARDOSO et al  ., 2005). 1 As academic productivism pointed out by Sguissardi and Silva Júnior (2009).2 That is a paradox, as pointed out by Lovisolo (1997) when he compared models for scientic communities in Brazil and Argentina.  Movimento , Porto Alegre, v. 22, n. 1., p. 11-34, jan./mar. de 2016. A journal in movement: contributions to the sociocultural and pedagogical subarea of brazilian Physical Education (2004-2014) 13 The process of building and developing the indexes 3  for evaluating academic production, its use and its consequences has been debated since the 1950s and have been improving as it develops (CURTI et al  ., 2001; GARFIELD, 1955, 1999; MEHO, 2007). Since then, articles have been published with the purpose of better understanding the evaluation of the production of different knowledge areas and therefore understanding the extent and nature of research activities carried out in several countries and institutions. Given the problems presented, our purpose is to show Movimento’s contribution to the sociocultural and pedagogical subeld of Brazilian Physical Education between 2004 and 2014 and to identify the features of the scientic community that publish their research in that journal. 2 METHODOLOGY This is a quantitative and qualitative study that used techniques aimed at scientometric and bibliometric analysis. Scientometrics 4  includes the study of sciences in order to understand their structure, evolution and connections. It is based on bibliometric indicators built from documents published in specialized channels and used as indirect measures of scientic research activity. Those indicators contribute to understand research objectives, the structures of the scientic community, and its social, political and economic impact.The analysis of scientic production has a signicant set of bibliometric indicators, including: production indicators and connection indicators. Scientic production indicators    are built by counting publications according to type of document (books, articles, scientic publications, reports, etc.), institution, area of expertise, country etc. Connection    indicators  , in turn, are built according to co-occurrence of authorship, citations and words. They are applied in the preparation of maps of knowledge structures and relationship networks between researchers, institutions and countries (SANTOS; KOBASHI, 2005).These indicators contribute to understand the structure of the scientic community, the particular goal of the research or its social, political and economic impact. However, they do not represent the “truth” about the state of science and technology; rather, they are approximations to or an incomplete expression of reality (SANTOS; KOBASHI, 2005).Being computed with due methodological rigor and interpreted based on each area of knowledge’s specics and bibliographic production practices, bibliometric indicators are useful and important for understanding the cycle of creation, reproduction and dissemination of science, and also for improving the country’s science and technology policy (MUGNAINI; JANUZZI; QUONIAM, 2004).Given the above, data were collected by consulting electronic editions available on Movimento’s   website. A database was created with the following bibliometric indicators: number of articles published in each edition; type of authorship (individual or collective); distribution of authors per article; authors’ titles; institutional afliation and area of work in graduate studies (where it exists); relationship with research groups; and funding. 3 As shown by Meho (2007), h  -index, a -index and g  -index.4 Vanti (2002, p. 153) states that the term srcinated in the former USSR and Western Europe, and was used mainly in Hungary. Originally, as the author points out, it referred to the application of quantitative methods to study history of science and technological progress. His rst denitions considered it as “[...] measurement of the information process, where ‘information’ meant the discipline of knowledge that studies the structure and properties of scientic information and the laws of the communication process”. The term gained notoriety in 1977 when the  journal Scientometrics   started to be published, initially in Hungary; it raised academic interest in the 1980s when the Institute for Scientic Information (ISI) sold its database to different institutions as an auxiliary tool in the development of scientic policies.  Felipe Ferreira Barros Carneiro et al. 14 Movimento , Porto Alegre, v. 22, n. 1., p. 11-34, jan./mar. de 2016. Collection was based on the information provided by authors in their texts. However, when data were not available in publications, searches were extended to information provided in the Lattes Curricula of researchers signing the articles, where we checked information about research groups 5  and their institutional ties and/or their orientation regarding stricto sensu (regular length) post-graduate studies at the time of publication. This procedure was implemented in order to provide more reliable data on the relationship with the area and link to a graduate program. Data were categorized in order to present the organizational overview of the academic community that circulated through  Movimento in 2004-2014. Analyzes and tabulations were performed through charts and Microsoft Excel tables so that each category produced a systematic view of the information gathered in the data collection instrument. Whenever possible, trendlines were drawn with R² ratio closest to 1. 6 The process enhanced the analysis of sources as well as the dialogue with specic literature. The data helped to understand the different characteristics of the area to which Physical Education is linked – Area 21 – and its regulations, thus allowing us to identify the direction taken by scientic production published in Movimento   and the nature of the journal itself. 3 FREQUENCY A journal’s frequency of publication is an important indicator of its quality as a scientic communication medium, since it shows the seriousness and commitment of the editorial team involved in its management process.As shown in Chart 1, in 2004-2014, Movimento published its editions regularly, in accordance with the journal’s stratum in a three-year period, 7  according to the Qualis   Capes evaluation system, which nds resistance in its rating formula in areas of knowledge with distinct characteristics. 8 Chart 1 – Frequency of publication for  Movimento 2004-2014 Source: Authors Between 2004 and 2008, Movimento published three quarterly editions per year, which was consistent with the journal’s Qualis 9  rating for the period. In the system adopted by Capes 5 Information about research groups were also conrmed on the website of the CNPq groups directory.6 The closeness of the R² ratio to 1 indicates the degree of adjustment of the trendline type to the data presented in graphical representations.7 The regular Capes evaluation has recently become quarterly.8 As can be seen in Pereira (2009), Garcia (2009) and Caramelli (2010). Whether they are positive or negative, criticism generated by debates is always productive, controversial and sensitive.9 At the time, Capes’s evaluation system included rating strata for scientic journals, which could be rated according to criteria for scientic indexing and organization between levels A, B and C in the National category; and A, B and C in the international category.  Movimento , Porto Alegre, v. 22, n. 1., p. 11-34, jan./mar. de 2016. A journal in movement: contributions to the sociocultural and pedagogical subarea of brazilian Physical Education (2004-2014) 15 between 2003 and 2006, the journal was rated as “B national”, causing high dissatisfaction in its editorial board at the time. According to the Editorial (2005), that rating was unacceptable because of the journal’s performance in 2001-2003 and 2004-2006, which was equivalent to the “C International” level.The journal’s editors have always been clear about their effort to improve it and their quest for equalization in the process of evaluation and classication of the journals in the sociocultural and pedagogical subarea in relation to those that focus on research of the biodynamics subarea. During that period, dissatisfaction was such that an Editorial (2006) questioned the seriousness and impartiality of evaluation criteria and evaluators.After Capes’s evaluation system changed in 2007-2009, Movimento entered stratum B2 10  in Area 21 scientic journals, gaving it a status f secondary journal in the Qualis   system, which always bothered its editors.Perhaps because of that, in the rst edition of 2007 there was signicant change in the behavior of the journal’s editors who adopted, although “unwillingly”, the “[...] arbitrariness of so-called ‘prestige indexers’” (EDITORIAL, 2007), understanding the relevance of that measure for the journal to improve its rating and for the survival of researchers in graduate studies. Migrating to the platform known as Electronic System for Journal Publishing ( Sistema Eletrônico de Editoração de Revistas  , SEER) enabled Movimento to reach new levels of quality and improve publication regularity and punctuality. That also enabled it to become a quarterly publication in 2009, when it started to publish four editions per year. These measures made the  journal more reliable, which contributed for it to receive investment towards Qualis   A2 in Area 21. Two special editions were published in 2010-2014: a commemorative edition about the 70 th  anniversary of the Physical Education School of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Esef/UFRGS) and another one related to Movimento’s   20 th  anniversary. Those publications increased the amount of editions per year from four to ve in those two years. The special editions also resulted in an increase in the volume of articles published in 2004-2014, causing the regularity line for the number of articles to oscillate in editions 16 and 20 as seen in Chart 2. Chart 2  – Evolution in the number of articles published per editions   of journal Movimento (2004-2014) Source: Authors Chart 2 shows that 531 articles were published in the 38 editions of  Movimento  , in an average of 13.97 articles per edition. That indicates that the journal’s performance was above the minimum required by CNPq for a scientic journal funded by that agency, i. e. ve articles 10 The system started to be divided as a regressive rating, in Qualis A1, A2 and B1 (considered upper strata); B2, B3, B4 and B5; nally, the C stratum (inadequate scientic journal).
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