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Electrical Design-l

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Electrical Design-l
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      Fall Quarter 2005   Department of Design, Housing and Apparel College of Human Ecology 240 McNeal Hall, 1985 Buford Avenue St. Paul, Minnesota 55108-6136 (directions and maps)   Phone (612) 624-9700  INTRODUCTION <ARCHITECTURAL DRAFTING> TYPES OF DRAFTING Technical sketch Mechanical drafting Computer drafting DRAFTING MEDIA DRAFTING SHEET SIZES LINES WIEGHTS Lines and Line Quality Line weights for letting <DRAFTING STANDARDS AND SYMBOLS> LINE TYPES MATERIAL SYMBOLS ARCHITECTURAL GRAPHIC SYMBOLS DRAWING SYMBOLS FOR CROSS-REFERENCE <TYPES OF PLANS> TYPICAL SCALES FOR DRAWINGS FLOOR PLANS INTERIOR ELEVATION DRAWINGS SECTION DRAWINGS INTERIOR DETAIL DRAWINGS SCHEDULES Door Schedule Window Schedule Interior Finish Schedule Furniture Schedule    Drawing is considered to be a universal language. Drafting is a technical drawing used by designers to graphically present ideas and represent objects necessary for a designed environment. A set of these drafted illustrations is called a construction document (CD). There are common rules and standards to ensure that all designers are able to understand what is in the drawing. These design drawings use a graphic language to communicate each and every piece of information necessary to convey an idea and ultimately create a design. The following section of this handbook will help guide you through the common drafting standards that will be used in the Interior Design program at the University of Minnesota.    Architectural drafting is basically pictorial images of buildings, interiors, details, or other items that need to be built. These are different from other types of drawings as they are drawn to scale, include accurate measurements and detailed information, and other information necessary to build a structure. These documents are graphic representations to communicate how to do the construction, remodeling, or installation of a design project. These include drawings for floor plans, elevations, sections, details, ceiling plans, finish schedules, and mechanical information such as electrical, plumbing, air conditioning, and heating plans. TYPES OF DRAFTING There are three categories of drawings in interior design: process drawings (preliminary images, sketches, schematics, etc.), construction documents (drafted drawings, working drawings, plans, elevations, sections, details, etc.), and presentation drawings (illustrated sketches and three-dimensional views including perspectives, obliques, isometrics, etc.). The main focus of this section is the drafted drawing of which there are also three different types: technical sketch, mechanical drafting, and CAD (computer-aided drafting). These all fall under the heading of architectural drafting as they each convey building detail in scale and use of a common graphic language. Technical Sketch Like an artist may use sketches to develop ideas for a painting or sculpture, technical sketches are used during the development of ideas for initial or preliminary plans. The ability to make quick and accurate sketches is a valuable advantage that helps you convey design ideas to others. A sketch may be of an object, an idea of something you are thinking about, or a combination of both. Most of
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