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Construction Grammar

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Description
Slides from an introductory PhD seminar on cognitive linguistics.
Transcript
    Construction grammar  Outline•What is CxG•The grammatical construction•The lexicon-syntax continuum•The structure of grammar     Construction grammar  What is CxG• Construction grammar   (e.g. Filmore et al. 1988 Gol!"erg 199# Croft $%%1& or CxG is a family of theories 'ithin the C frame'or) in 'hich the grammatical construction  is the central unit of grammar.•The "asic tenet is that constructions are symbolic  or semiotic units that com"ine form an! meaning*content.•Conse+uently the notion of syntactic rule  is rejected  in CxG.    Construction grammar  What is CxG•Construction grammar 'as srcinally !e,eloe! in the 198%s as a reaction against generati,e grammar (Croft  Cruse $%%/0 $$#&0  2eing an isolationist an! atomist aroach to syntax generati,e grammar ignore! semantics an! ragmatics. Generati,e grammar also ma!e a shar !istinctions "et'een syntax an! the lexicon. 3!iomatic constructions 'ere ignore! in generati,e grammar. 4on-central irregular an! i!iosyncratic constructions 'ere also ignore!.    Construction grammar  What is CxG•The stratification of language in generati,e grammar an! other isolationist mo!els. ex3conThe lexicon  contains the lexemes  of a language 'hich are the atomic units that are com"ine! into meaningful strings of 'or!s.   5yntax Construction grammar  What is CxG•The stratification of language in generati,e grammar an! other isolationist mo!els. ex3conThe syntactic component  ro,i!es the rules  that com"ine lexemes grammatically correct linear structures .
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