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Circular Migration in Eastern Partnership Countries: An Overview

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Circular Migration in Eastern Partnership Countries: An Overview
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  CARIM E AST – C ONSORTIUM   FOR A PPLIED R ESEARCH   ON  I NTERNATIONAL M IGRATION Co-fnanced by the European Union © 2012. All rights reserved.No part o this paper may be distributed, quotedor reproduced in any orm without permission romthe CARIM East Project. Circular Migrationin Eastern Partnership Countries An overview  Anna Di BartolomeoShushanik MakaryanSergo MananashviliAgnieszka Weinar CARIM-East Research Report 2012/30  CARIM-EastCreating an Observatory of Migration East of Europe Research ReportCARIM-East RR 2012/30 Circular Migration in Eastern Partnership CountriesAn overviewAnna Di BartolomeoShushanik MakaryanSergo MananashviliAgnieszka Weinar  © 2012, European University InstituteRobert Schuman Centre for Advanced StudiesThis text may be downloaded only for personal research purposes. Any additional reproduction for other purposes, whether in hard copies or electronically, requires the consent of the Robert SchumanCentre for Advanced Studies.Requests should be addressed to carim.east@eui.euIf cited or quoted, reference should be made as follows:Anna Di Bartolomeo, Shushanik Makaryan, Sergo Mananashvili, Agnieszka Weinar , Circular Migrationin Eastern Partnership Countries - An overview, CARIM-East   RR 2012/30, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, San Domenico di Fiesole (FI): European University Institute, 2012.T HE VIEWS EXPRESSED IN THIS PUBLICATION CANNOT IN ANY CIRCUMSTANCES BE REGARDED AS THEOFFICIAL POSITION OF THE E UROPEAN U  NION  European University InstituteBadia FiesolanaI – 50014 San Domenico di Fiesole (FI)Italyhttp://www.eui.eu/RSCAS/Publications/http://www.carim-east.eu/publications/http://cadmus.eui.eu    CARIM-East – Creating an Observatory East of Europe This project which is co-financed by the European Union is the first migration observatory focused onthe Eastern Neighbourhood of the European Union and covers all countries of the Eastern Partnershipinitiative (Belarus, Ukraine, the   Republic of Moldova, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan) and RussianFederation.The project’s two main themes are:(1) migration from the region to the European Union (EU) focusing in particular on countries of emigration and transit on the EU’s eastern border; and(2) intraregional migration in the post-Soviet space.The project started on 1 April 2011 as a joint initiative of the European University Institute (EUI),Florence, Italy (the lead institution), and the Centre of Migration Research (CMR) at the University of Warsaw, Poland (the partner institution).CARIM researchers undertake comprehensive and policy-oriented analyses of very diverse aspects of human mobility and related labour market developments east of the EU and discuss their likelyimpacts on the fast evolving socio-economic fabric of the six Eastern Partners and Russia, as well asthat of the European Union.In particular, CARIM-East:     builds a broad network of national experts from the region representing all principaldisciplines focused on human migration, labour mobility and national development issues (e.g.demography, law, economics, sociology, political science).    develops a comprehensive database to monitor migration stocks and flows in the region,relevant legislative developments and national policy initiatives;    undertakes, jointly with researchers from the region, systematic and ad hoc studies of emerging migration issues at regional and national levels.     provides opportunities for scholars from the region to participate in workshops organized bythe EUI and CMR, including academic exchange opportunities for PhD candidates;     provides forums for national and international experts to interact with policymakers and other stakeholders in the countries concerned.Results of the above activities are made available for public consultation through the website of the project:http://www.carim-east.eu/   For more information: CARIM-East Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (EUI) ConventoVia delle Fontanelle 1950014 San Domenico di FiesoleItalyTel: +39 055 46 85 817Fax: + 39 055 46 85 770Email: carim.east@eui.euRobert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies http://www.eui.eu/RSCAS/     Table of Contents Introduction ................................................................................................................................ 1   1. Definition ............................................................................................................................... 1   2. Circular migration of EaP nationals: the numbers ................................................................. 2   2.1 Data sources ..................................................................................................................... 2   2.2 What is the profile of circular migrants from the region? ................................................ 6   3. Factors influencing circular migration ................................................................................... 7   3.1 Legal framework .............................................................................................................. 7   3.2 Policy framework of circular migration ......................................................................... 11   4. Conclusions .......................................................................................................................... 13   References ................................................................................................................................ 14  
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