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Assignment on Leadership

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Leadership concept & Theories
    Submitted to: Dr. Faruq Ahmed, ProfessorDepartment of ManagementFaculty of Business StudiesUniversity of Dhaka Submitted By: Shoheli Dil AfrozID: 24-04-17-044, Batch: 4thMasters of Professional Human Resource Management Department of Management, Faculty of Business StudiesUniversity of Dhaka   Assignment on Leadership Submitted To: Dr. Faruq Ahmed Professor, Department of ManagementFaculty of Business Studies, University of Dhaka Submitted By: Shoheli Dil AfrozID: 24-04-17-044, Batch: 4thMasters of Professional Human Resource Management Department of Management, Faculty of Business StudiesUniversity of Dhaka Subject: Fundamentals of Management, Section: B Date of Submission: 17 November 2017  2 Introduction Leadership critical to every company. The demand for more effective leadership is heard throughout every professions. Modern concepts of leadership differ from the traditional definition of a charismatic individual leader. Historically, leadership has been vested in positions, while today leadership is seen as a role one moves continuously into and out of, depending on the circumstance. Leadership ideas have evolved so that newer characteristics of leaders include being a team builder; possessing creative and strategic thinking skills; demonstrating honesty and integrity; and having the ability to motivate others to action. Workers need someone to look to, learn from and thrive with. Every leader has their own style and strategy. Further, leadership styles and methods vary because of outside influences and personal challenges. 1.   Definition of Leadership Simply we can say that, leadership is the ability to motivate individuals and groups to accomplish important goals. While leadership is unique to everyone, there are some common ways to define the term. Leadership can  be hard to define and it means different things to different people. There are almost as many definitions of Leadership as there are persons who have attempted to define the concept.” (Stogdill, 1974)   The Oldest Definition of Leadership Probably the oldest definition of leadership was given in Early 20th Century. A conference on leadership was held in 1927, and Moore reported that at the conference Steward defined leadership as “the ability to impress the will of the leader on tho se led and induce obedience, respect, loyalty, and cooperation”   Scholarly Definitions    Leadership is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal.  –   Northouse (2004, p 3)    Leadership is not a person or a position. It is a complex moral relationship between people,  based on trust, obligation, commitment, emotion, and a shared vision of the good.” –   Joanne Ciulla    “Leadership is the capacity to translate vision into reality” –  Warren Bennis    As we look ahead into the next century, leaders will be those who empower others.  –   Bill Gates  3 Therefore we can say agreeing with Gary Yukl that, Leadership is the process of influencing others to understand and agree about what needs to be done and how to do it, and the process of facilitating individual and collective efforts to accomplish shared objectives. 2.   Elements of Leadership There are five key elements of leadership. Which are as following. i.   Leaders-Followers ii.   Influence iii.   Organizational Objectives iv.   Change v.   People Leadership InfluenceOrganizational ObjectivesPeopleChangeLeaders-Followers  4 i.   Leader-follower:  Leaders influence the behavior of team members, and vice versa ii.   Influencing:  Leaders and team members using knowledge and competence rather than position and status to influence each other iii.   Organizational Objectives:  Outcomes that leaders and team members want to accomplish iv.   Change:  Needed to achieve objectives v.   People:  Leadership is about leading team members 3.   Understanding the differences: leadership vs. Management Is a good manager automatically a good leader? What is the difference between leadership and management? The main difference between leaders and managers is that leaders have people follow them while managers have people who work for them. If an organization has strong management without leadership, the outcome can be stifling and  bureaucratic. Conversely, if an organization has strong leadership without management, the outcome can  be meaningless or misdirected change for the change’s sake. To be effective organizations need to nourish both competent management and skilled leadership.( Peter G. Northouse, Leadership, P13) What Do Managers Do? A manager is the member of an organization with the responsibility of carrying out the four important functions of management: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. But are all managers leaders? Most managers also tend to be leaders, but only IF they also adequately carry out the leadership responsibilities of management, which include communication, motivation, providing inspiration and guidance, and encouraging employees to rise to a higher level of productivity. Unfortunately, not all managers are leaders. Some managers have poor leadership qualities, and employees follow orders from their managers because they are obligated to do so  —  not necessarily  because they are influenced or inspired by the leader. Managerial duties are usually a formal part of a job description; subordinates follow as a result of the  professional title or designation. A manager’s chief focus is to meet organizational goals and objectives; they typically do not take much else into consideration. Managers are held responsible for their actions, as well as for the actions of their subordinates. With the title comes the authority and the privilege to  promote, hire, fire, discipline, or reward employees based on their performance and behavior.
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