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177008565 Gnosis the Nature and History of Gnosticism

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Gnosticism, istoria gnosticismului...
  A-PDF Merger DEMO : Purchase from to remove the watermark  GNOSIS The Nature and History of nosticism KURT RU OLPH Translation edited by Robert McLachlan Wilson HarperSan rancisco Division o HarperCollinsPublishers  Translators P W Coxon (pages 171-274) K. H. Kuhn (pages 275-376) R. McL. Wilson (translation editor; pages 1-170) First published in the German Democratic Republic by Koehler Amelang, Leipzig, 1977 as Die Gnosis; Wesen und Geschichte einer spatantiken Religion Copyright© Koehler Amelang, 1977 First Harper Row Paperback Edition 1987 This work is a translation from the German of the second, revised and expanded edition (1980) of Die Gnosis: Wesen und Geschichte einer spatantiken Religion Copyright © T T Clark Limited, Edinburgh, 1984 All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews. For information address HarperCollins Publishers, 10 East 53rd Street, New York, NY 10022 Library of Congress Number 81-47437 ISBN: 0-06-067018-5 (pbk) List of Illustrations Abbreviations Preface . Translator s Note THE SOURCES CONTENTS The Heresiological Literature and the Older History of Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Early Heresiologists and Their Works The Older Sources . The History of Research . . . . . . . . . . . . The Nag Hammadi Discovery and its Significance N TURE ND STRUCTURE . The Main Features of Gnostic Ideology and Mythology Dualism . Cosmology and Cosmogony . Anthropology and Anthropogony . The Doctrine of Redemption and the Redeemer . The Ascent of the Soul and the End of the World Community, Cult and Social Practice (Ethics) HISTORY . Presuppositions and Causes. The Problem of Origins Early Schools and Systems . . . . . . . . The Great Systems of the 2nd Century Manicheism . . . . . . . . A Relic: The Man deans EPILOGUE . A H\storical Survey of the Changes and Consequences ofGnosis PPENDIX Chronological Table Notes . Select Bibliography Sources (Original Texts and Translations) Essays and Monographs Index . . VII XI 1 7 9 9 10 25 30 34 53 53 59 67 88 113 171 204 275 275 294 308 326 343 367 367 . 377 377 379 391 397 405    VII List of Illustrations Illustrations in Text 40 The surroundings of Nag Hammadi, after W. C. van Unnik, Evangelien aus dem Ni/sand, Frankfurt (Main) 1960 5. Cf. also J. Doresse, Les Livres secrets des gnostiques d Egypte, Paris 1958 152f. 68 The Ophite Diagram, after H. Leisegang, Die Gnosis, Stuttgart 1955 atp 32. Cf. also Th. Hopfner, Das Diagramm der Ophiten (in Charisteria loi~ Rzach zum 80. Geburtstag dargebracht, Reichenberg 1930 86-98), 95 plate 3. 70 The universe as a serpent, from a Greek manuscript (Z. 299 = 584) in the Biblioteca Nazionale Marciono, Venice, after H. Leisegang, Die Gnosis, at p. 45. 174 Signs and seals of the aeons, from Koptisch-gnostische Schriften, 1. Band, Die Pistis Sophia, Die beiden Bucher des Jeu, ed. C. Schmidt, 3rd ed. rev. W. Till Berlin 1962 (GCS 45), 268, 269, 292, 322. Cf. also V. MacDermot, The Books of eu Leiden 1978 (NHS XIII), 57, 58, 85, 86, 127. .2.12 Grave inscription of Flavia Sophe, Museo Kircheriano (Museo Nazionale Romano), after A. Ferrua, Questioni di epigrafia eretica romano (in Rivista di Archeologia Christiana XXI (1944/5), 164-221), p.185. 223 The world serpent (ouroboros) as an amulet. Greek papyrus CXXI in the British Museum, London, after H. Leisegang, Die Gnosis, at p.145. Cf. also K Preisendanz, Papyri Graecae Magicae, 2nd ed. rev. A. Henrichs, Bd. II, Stuttgart 1974 26f. (VII, 580-590) and Plate 1 No. 4. 248 Serpent in the ancient Greek cult of Demeter at Eleusis, after a relief in the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen, Cat. No.144. The Museum very kindly placed a photo at my disposal. Cf. E. Kister, Die Schlange in der griechischen Kunst und Religion, Berlin 1913, 146f. 295 Dedication to the old Roman god of oaths, Semo Sancus. Lapidarium of the Vatican Museum (new) No. 6808, CIL VI 567. From an srcinal photograph from the Museum. Cf. also H. Achelis, Das Christentum in den ersten drei lahrhunderten, 2nd ed., Leipzig 1925 Plate XI, 1. 334 Mandean magic bowl, after H. Pognon, Inscriptions mandaites des coupes de Khouabir. Paris 1898 No.15. 361 Traditional Mandean sanctuary (mandi), after E. S. Drower, The Mandaeans of Iraq and Iran, Oxford 1937 140 (No. 7). The srcinal for this drawing was the old Mandi of Qal'at Salih, today no longer used. Plates Plate I Manichean book illustration (miniature) from Turkestan, Museum fiir Indische Kunst, Berlin (West), after A. von e Coq, Die Buddhistische Spiitantike iii Mittelasien II Die manichaischen Miniaturen, Berlin 1923, Plate 7b. Photo: Volkmar Herre, Leipzig. II Manichean book illustration (miniature) from Turkestan, Museum fiir Indische Kunst, Berlin (West), after A. von Le Coq, Manichiiische Miniaturen, Plate 8b. Cf. also id., Chotscho. Faksimile - Wiedergaben der wichtigeren Funde der 1. Kgl Preussischen Expedition nach Turfari in Ost-Turkistan, Berlin 1913, Bd.1, plate 5, left (front). Photo: Volkmar Herre, Leipzig. III Manichean book illustration (miniature) from Turkestan, Museum fiir Indische Kunst, Berlin (West), after A. von Le Coq, Manichiiische Miniaturen, plate Sa: b. Cf. id., Chotscho, Bd.1, plate 5 right. Photo: Volkmar Herre, Leipzig. IV Prominent Uigur ladies, Museum fiir Indische Kunst, Berlin (West), after A. von Le Coq, Chotscho, Bd.2, plate 30b. Photo Volkmar Herre, Leipzig. Plate 1 Hippolytus of Rome, Vatican. Formerly in the Lateran Museum but now (according to J. Frickel) in the entrance hall of
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